The global listing price of Tiggo 8 PLUS Champion Edition starts from 124,900 yuan.

The Beijing News Shell Financial News (Reporter Lin Zi) On November 11th, the reporter learned from Chery that the Tiggo 8 PLUS Champion Edition was officially launched, and four models were launched, with an official guide price of 124,900-145,900 yuan. The new car is positioned as a "5+2 luxury flagship SUV", which adopts a brand-new 8155 luxury flagship cockpit, a three-dimensional suspended diamond front grille, 19-inch flying wheels and a new streamer silver color, bringing five product champions in power, safety, space, technology and quality.

The Tiggo 8 PLUS Champion Edition is equipped with Kunpeng Power 1.6TGDI/2.0TGDI, which brings 6.8L fuel consumption per 100 kilometers and engine lifetime warranty. Among them, Kunpeng Power 2.0TGDI has a maximum power of 187kW, a peak torque of 390N·m, and an acceleration of 7 seconds.

Tiggo 8 PLUS Champion Edition is based on the safety design of C-NCAP, and adopts an integrated cage body made of ultra-high strength steel, and six pieces of ultra-high strength thermoformed steel from Bentele+the third generation of high strength steel are used in key parts. Equipped with L2 intelligent driver assistance system, including 540 high-definition panoramic image, full-speed ACC adaptive cruise system and many other functions.

The new car has a body of 4722x1860x1745mm, a wheelbase of 2710mm, a trunk space of 1930L, and 12 kinds of flexible combined spaces. It is equipped with a C-PURE Chery net cubic green cockpit +34 dB NVH space.

Tiggo 8 PLUS Champion Edition is equipped with ceiling-level Qualcomm Snapdragon 8155 smart chip, which brings brand-new HMI5.0 and super ID account, and realizes the functions of fast startup in 2 seconds, smooth response in 30 milliseconds and 15+ continuous conversation without being stuck. At the same time, it is equipped with a 24.6-inch universal nebula immersion surround screen, SONY’s 8-speaker surround sound and 50W mobile phone wireless fast charging.

Editor Tao Ye

Proofread Lin Zhao

After being cheated by a fake online celebrity, he pretended to be online celebrity to cheat others. A man was sentenced to three years in prison and fined 10 thousand yuan.

With the rapid development of network live stream economy, a large number of online celebrity have entered the public’s field of vision and gained attention and love. Some lawless elements, however, took advantage of the fans’ trust in online celebrity and started thinking wrongly. The reporter learned on the 3rd that Rugao court issued a public verdict on a case of impersonating online celebrity to defraud other people’s money. The defendant Liu was convicted of fraud, sentenced to three years’ imprisonment and fined 10,000 yuan.

Liu usually likes to kill time by brushing short videos. One day, he swiped a online celebrity named "Zhang San" on a short video platform, and found that this online celebrity has nearly 3 million fans. Usually, he posted videos showing off his wealth and helping others. Seeing that "Zhang San" was ready to help others, Liu also wanted to seek the help of "Zhang San", so he praised him and sent a private message. After that, a person who claimed to be "Zhang San" contacted Liu and said that he could help him, and sent him many videos of Zhang San’s personal life, videos of driving a luxury car and transfer records of helping others. After gaining Liu’s trust, the other party defrauded Liu of more than 1,000 yuan on the grounds of having to pay handling fees, deposits, taxes and fees.

After being cheated, Liu not only did not call the police, but also had a flash of light, thinking that this was a good way to make quick money. So, he packaged himself as online celebrity’s "Zhang San", searched for "prey" on the short video platform, and cheated others by the means of the fake "Zhang San". Through the "flexible use" of the words learned from the scammers, Liu defrauded the victims Li and Dai for 30,900 yuan, and was later arrested by the public security organs.

Correspondent Fang Nan Reporter Wang Yuli

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Reporter’s investigation: Why is the frequent hot search for "privately demolished load-bearing walls" repeatedly banned?

  Beijing, China, October 26 (Reporter Guo Jiali) "Construction started on the first floor, and I can feel a slight shake when I live on the 13th floor." Recently, Ms. Yang from Nanchong, Sichuan reported to Yangguang. com that it cost more than 500,000 yuan to buy this house, another 120,000 yuan to decorate it, and all her savings were spent. I didn’t know that just after living for a year and a half, cracks appeared in the house.

  According to an announcement provided by Ms. Yang, Nanchong Fuli Commercial Management Center and Nanchong Jiahong Property Management Co., Ltd. carried out construction on the first floor of Building No.4 without the consent of the owners. Ms. Yang said that the construction party plans to divide the 5.9-meter-high first floor into two floors, and drill holes with rhinestones, which passed through the load-bearing columns nearly 80 cm thick, causing some houses to crack, posing a safety hazard to the residents of the building.

  Mr. Tang, a resident of the building, said that cracks appeared in the house, which may be no problem at ordinary times, but Sichuan is an earthquake-prone area, and once an earthquake occurs, there will be security risks. The house that ordinary people have worked hard to save money to buy cannot be lived in fear.

  Since the beginning of this year, four people have been detained from the "privately demolished load-bearing wall incident" in Limin Academy Community of Harbin, and then they went to Zhaoqing, Guangdong Province to violently decorate "Open 42 Suites" … … The problem of load-bearing wall being demolished is frequently searched.

  According to the incomplete statistics of the media, among the 49 building collapse accidents in China since 2012, 25 were caused by the unauthorized demolition and modification of the main structure of the existing building or adding stories, changing the use function and increasing the load, accounting for more than 50%.

  In order to eradicate this chaos, on June 9 this year, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued the Notice on Further Strengthening the Safety Management of Interior Decoration of Urban Houses, clarifying the responsibilities of all parties and relevant departments involved in decoration activities, including design units, decoration enterprises, property service enterprises and local governments.

  The load-bearing column is perforated by a diamond (photo courtesy of the interviewee from Yangguang. com)

  Why can’t we tear down the load-bearing wall privately?

  "When we took the new house, there were no such cracks at all. Since the load-bearing pillars were laid on the first floor, the house cracked." Ms. Yang said.

  She said that the merchants on the first floor put the load-bearing columns through all sides, with a diameter of 30 mm, ten holes on each side of the central column and four holes on each side of the side load-bearing column.

  The live pictures and videos provided by Ms. Yang show that the steel bars in the load-bearing columns on the first floor have been drilled, and the upper and lower rows have been drilled through by rhinestones. Cracks have appeared in the kitchen and living room walls of houses on the sixth floor, and cracks have also appeared in the bedroom walls of households on the ninth floor.

  Cracks appear in the wall of the household restaurant (Photo courtesy of the interviewee from Yangguang. com)

  An announcement signed by Ms. Yang to the reporter as "Nanchong Fuli Commercial Management Center" showed that Nanchong Fuli Commercial Management Center indicated that it had entrusted Nanchong Hengrui Testing Co., Ltd. for technical appraisal, and the appraisal conclusion of Nanchong Hengrui Testing Co., Ltd. was that the main structure of Building 4 was in a safe state.

  According to the above announcement, it is suggested to repair the holes in the concrete columns on the first floor immediately, and it is indicated that the Chongqing Design Institute, the original design unit of Building 4, has been entrusted to design the reinforcement scheme, and the drawing review organization has been invited to examine and approve the reinforcement drawings. At the same time, Fuli Center entrusted Sichuan Caiyuan Building Reinforcement Engineering Co., Ltd., which has the professional contracting qualification of special engineering (structural reinforcement), to prepare the concrete beams and columns on the first floor to be restored to their original state.

  However, the community owners do not agree with the announcement. Ms. Yang told the reporter that because the owner did not trust the appraisal entrusted by her, she wanted to apply for the appraisal of the provincial appraisal institute. At present, 51 owners have jointly signed a request for appraisal, but the construction party has been reluctant to sign. At present, the Jialing District Comprehensive Administrative Law Enforcement Bureau said that it would handle the case on November 7.

  "If you break a bone, you can’t stand up." Xue Minghui, deputy dean of the School of Architecture of Harbin Institute of Technology, said that the load-bearing walls and columns are the skeleton of the building. After being damaged, it will cause hidden dangers to the building, and the building will be directly damaged. Its importance is self-evident. It must be made clear that the private demolition of the load-bearing walls is not a moral issue, but a legal issue.

  According to Article 15 of Chapter II of the Regulations on Quality Management of Construction Projects: "The construction unit shall entrust the original design unit or a design unit with corresponding qualification grade to put forward the design scheme before the construction of the decoration project involving the change of the main building body and load-bearing structure. Without the design scheme, the construction shall not be carried out. During the renovation process, building users are not allowed to change the main body and load-bearing structure of the building without authorization. "

  In addition, the first paragraph of Article 5 in Chapter II of the Administrative Measures for Interior Decoration of Residential Buildings stipulates: "The following acts are prohibited in the interior decoration of residential buildings: changing the main body and load-bearing structure of the building without the original design unit or a design unit with corresponding qualification grade."

  "Unauthorized transformation may constitute infringement and bear civil liability for compensation. Because the bearing wall is dismantled privately, the whole building is in a dangerous state, which endangers public safety and is suspected of bearing criminal responsibility, which constitutes a crime of endangering public safety by dangerous means. " Lawyer Li Baolian of Beijing Jingshi Law Firm said.

  On October 22, Ms. Yang told reporters that the construction party had stopped work on August 29 due to the opposition of the owners. On September 1st, Jialing District Comprehensive Administrative Law Enforcement Bureau delivered a rectification notice to Fuli Center.

  Why is there a constant controversy over privately demolishing the load-bearing wall?

  Not only Ms. Yang, but also Mr. Chen from xinluo district, Longyan City, Fujian Province, is facing the problem of "privately demolishing the bearing wall" in the same building.

  On October 20, Mr. Chen told the reporter of Yangguang. com that the owner of the 25th floor of the residential area owned two houses on this floor. In order to connect the two houses into one, during the renovation, the owner removed the four load-bearing walls between the living room of one house and the kitchen of another house. "The load-bearing walls that have been demolished here are basically determined. As the householder refused to let in, whether the load-bearing wall at the passage between the two units was damaged has not yet been determined. "

  Demolished wall (photo courtesy of interviewee from Yangguang. com)

  Xue Minghui, after checking the construction drawings provided by Mr. Chen, said that the four demolished places are wall battlements, which are not a big problem at ordinary times, but may be dangerous under special circumstances. Shear walls, also known as wind-resistant walls and earthquake-resistant walls, are located in the passage between the two houses, which have the function of resisting typhoons. Destroying the shear walls will affect the bearing capacity of the building and cannot be removed at will.

  Floor plan of the owner’s two houses on the 25th floor (Photo courtesy of the interviewee sent by Yangguang. com)

  "Why did the original design unit or the design unit with the corresponding qualification grade not issue a professional design plan, and the property was allowed to start construction?" Many owners asked about the residential property in the WeChat group.

  In response to the owner’s query, the property said in the owner group of Building No.10 that the behavior had been discovered during the inspection, and issued a rectification notice on August 30 and informed the Urban Management Bureau, and said that the Longmen Law Enforcement Brigade of the Urban Management Bureau had been to the site for disposal.

  During this period, many residents in Building 10 complained through "e Longyan". On September 13, Longyan City Administration Bureau began to reply to the complaints one after another: "The Longmen Law Enforcement Brigade of Longyan City Administration Bureau intervened in the investigation on September 6 before receiving the complaints. Our team’s law enforcement officers asked the owner to rectify and restore the demolished wall, and the owner began rectification on September 10. "

  However, the owners are not satisfied with the reply. "Let the business owners recover on their own, and can they meet the requirements of bearing capacity after recovery? Why not publish a professional appraisal and repair plan? " Mr. Chen said.

  In the interview, the reporter found that whether the appraisal is authoritative and the later professional rectification plan is issued, and whether reasonable compensation is implemented is the focus of controversy.

  Lawyer Wang Xinyue of Beijing Haotian Law Firm said that the reason for the dispute is that even if the owner receives the rectification notice or administrative punishment decision from the law enforcement unit, there may still be problems in actual performance. For example, the owner is not sure whether the rectification and repair plan is standardized or whether the rectification and repair plan meets the bearing capacity requirements.

  She believes that law enforcement units should actively perform their duties, eliminate the harmful consequences and continue to follow up after issuing the Notice of Order (Time Limit) Correction, and combine various means such as investigation, fine and transfer to the public security department. If necessary, a third-party rectification plan can be introduced, and the rectification costs will be borne by the violator. At the same time, strengthen the intensity of administrative law enforcement and improve the quality of administrative law enforcement.

  Why are private demolition of load-bearing walls repeatedly prohibited?

  Since the beginning of this year, many "privately demolished load-bearing walls" incidents have been on the hot search.

  At the end of April, in a 31-storey residential building in Limin Academy Community, Songbei District, Harbin, tenants smashed the load-bearing wall privately during renovation, resulting in cracks in the whole building. In the evening, more than 200 households were evacuated. According to CCTV news, on May 9, the public security organs took criminal compulsory measures against four responsible persons according to law.

  Just in the past month, at the end of May, some people reported that on the second floor of an apartment building in Yuegong Mansion, Wuyue Square, Sihui City, Guangdong Province, Yao, the owner of 42 apartments on the whole floor, demolished the partition wall without obtaining a construction permit, and illegally constructed about 700 square meters. On June 6th, the official WeChat of the Propaganda Department of Sihui Municipal Committee, WeChat official account, released a description of the "Sihui Release", ordering it to stop construction immediately and make corrections within a time limit.

  Xue Minghui said that load-bearing walls generally refer to walls used to bear vertical loads in brick-concrete structures. At present, new buildings are rare, mainly some multi-storey houses built in the last century. Multi-storey public buildings are generally frame structures, which are supported by columns. High-rise residential buildings are generally shear walls, which are supported by vertical and horizontal loads. Some people understand shear walls as load-bearing walls.

  Why is it that private demolition of load-bearing walls is repeatedly prohibited? He believes that from a dialectical point of view, first, the functions of existing buildings can not meet the needs of social development, and the space can not meet the requirements of new commerce and residence, which needs to be expanded, but it is limited by the wall. Second, due to the lack of popular science in architecture, many people don’t know which walls can be moved, which can never be moved, and which can be partially changed, such as opening doors and windows, which helps those who don’t know the building structure to avoid falling into the predicament of huge compensation and disputes. Third, the inadequate supervision of the property and related departments on the decoration process is also one of the reasons for this phenomenon.

  "Once there is a problem with the load-bearing wall, the property will also bear the responsibility, which is a dereliction of duty." A property manager said that before the renovation, the decoration masters all had house design drawings, and they knew which were load-bearing walls. "If it is not intentionally demolished, the decoration master will not move the load-bearing wall."

  In Xue Minghui’s view, it is necessary to raise residents’ awareness of the rule of law for such problems. "Let everyone know that this is not a moral issue, but a legal issue."

  How should the load-bearing wall "bear the load"?

  "Not all load-bearing walls can be dismantled." In Xue Minghui’s view, many buildings can be demolished by structural reinforcement, but this requires special institutions to identify, design and construct. In addition, because a certain safety factor is reserved in the structural design of buildings, sometimes accidents will not occur when some load-bearing walls are removed. For example, the load-bearing wall on the top floor of the building does not have much load on it, and even if it is removed, the problem is not great.

  He said that it is unclear that the most unfavorable conditions, such as earthquake resistance, too many people in the room and uneven load, will be taken into account when designing the building structure. However, this has also caused many people a misunderstanding that some load-bearing walls can be removed, or at least some parts can be removed.

  In order to curb the illegal acts of interior decoration, on June 9 this year, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued the Notice on Further Strengthening the Safety Management of Interior Decoration of Urban Houses (hereinafter referred to as the Notice), which further clarified the responsibilities of all parties and relevant departments involved in the decoration activities, including design units, decoration enterprises, property service enterprises and local governments.

  The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued the Notice on Further Strengthening the Safety Management of Interior Decoration of Urban Houses.

  After the promulgation of the Notice, some cities have taken action. For example, the comprehensive administrative law enforcement team of Luodian Town, Baoshan District, Shanghai has set up a special working group to lead the new owners to identify the load-bearing structure of the house on the spot in each newly delivered community, and to answer questions on the spot by explaining the case and explaining it in a simple way, so as to turn "compulsory afterwards" into "prevention and control beforehand".

  "This is not a joke, we can’t afford this responsibility." A property manager said that no matter from which point of view, this is harmful to others. If there is a crack in the internal structure of the wall, the residents of the whole building are in danger.

  The above-mentioned managers said that before the renovation, they would tell the owners never to move the load-bearing wall. During the renovation, the property personnel should also check it out. If there are renovation tenants who can’t open the door due to frequent construction, they should pay attention. If the owner is found to have dismantled the load-bearing wall privately and refuses to stop it, he will be told to stop the decoration immediately and force the water and electricity to be cut off. In addition, the property will also inform the doorpost and refuse the decoration master to enter the community. After the load-bearing wall is restored, the construction can continue.

  Li Baolian said that property service enterprises should give full play to the role of "whistleblower" and "night watchman", encrypt the frequency of inspections in their daily work, dissuade and stop violations immediately when they are found, and promptly report to relevant departments for legal determination and handling. Government supervision departments should strengthen the supervision of decoration enterprises, and strictly investigate unqualified, borrowed or exceeded qualifications to undertake decoration projects.

  She said that once it is found that someone has dismantled the load-bearing wall privately, the owner can bring a lawsuit to the people’s court where the house is located according to the Civil Code, requesting the actor to stop the infringement, remove the obstruction, eliminate the danger, restore the original state and compensate for the losses.

Hu Bing was invited as "Italian fashion friend" China gentleman to promote cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries.

Hu Bing was invited as "Italian fashion friend" China gentleman to promote cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries.

The year 2020 coincides with the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Italy, and it is also the "China-Italy Year of Culture and Tourism". At this landmark point, at the official invitation of the Italian National Tourism Administration, Hu Bing, a gentleman from China, will co-host the grand event as an "Italian fashion friend", promote cultural exchanges between the two countries, and start his new journey as a "world traveler". Yesterday, Hu Bing also sent a message to Weibo, telling his origins and stories with Italy in the form of video.

Hu Bing, as an "Italian fashion friend", was praised as a walking China fashion label.

Like China, Italy is also a "treasure-class" world cultural heritage country. It is not only the cradle of European culture, the birthplace of the Renaissance, but also one of the current international fashion centers, and Hu Bing has a deep relationship with it. In his early years, after he entered the national team as a professional rower, he was sent to Italy to attend an international training camp. After being injured, he found another stage in his life and made his first show in Milan, thus opening the way to modeling and performing arts. For Hu Bing, Italy is a place where dreams begin and a place where his dreams bloom.

Since then, Hu Bing has gone to Italy and other countries to participate in fashion week, award ceremony, jury and other related activities almost every year, and has maintained the cooperation of European fashion brands and top designers for more than 20 years, becoming the face of china recognized by the international fashion world. Hu Bing has always had his own understanding of fashion. "Embrace the future and stay with the classics" is his philosophy. He loves the eternal charm of classics and embraces the changes and unknowns in the future, forming his own fashion style and unique label, which perfectly fits with the identity of "Italian fashion friend" and is praised by many fashion media as the fashion label of China.

"World Traveler" starts again, and every time he goes to Italy, it’s like the first time.

Hu Bing was invited as "Italian fashion friend" China gentleman to promote cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries.

It is reported that based on his work, Hu Bing travels around the world for more than 200 days every year, and really feels the customs and local culture of different regions. He likes to stop and go, immerse himself in the local culture and folk customs, do not set a destination for himself, and follow his heart to be an exploratory "world traveler".

In addition, Hu Bing has devoted a lot of energy to cultural exchange, promotion and public welfare undertakings. This time, Hu Bing won the title of "Best Friend of Italian Fashion", and also told his origin and story with Italy in the form of short video on the platform of Weibo. "Italy carries too many memories of its growth, the sports spirit of Rome, the fashion art of Milan and the cultural exploration of Venice. Every time I go to Italy, it is like the first time." Hu Bing said.

In addition, in the early stage of the full opening of the two countries’ tourism, Hu Bing will also participate in a series of online warm-up activities for more Sino-Italian cultural and tourism years, and deeply share with fans the "knowledge points" of the two countries in fashion, humanities, tourism and many other aspects. In this regard, Hu Bing said: "Although the epidemic has changed everyone’s life now, I believe that one day, we will continue to meet in Milan, Rome and Venice, and this day will come soon."

[Slow hands] Xiaomi 13 mobile phone is officially listed, and the price is 3021 yuan!

[Slow hands] Xiaomi 13 mobile phone is officially listed, and the price is 3021 yuan!


mobile.zol.com.cn
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Xiaomi 13 mobile phone is officially launched. This 5G mobile phone is equipped with the second generation Snapdragon 8 mobile platform, which has strong performance. Its camera has excellent performance, strong endurance and fast charging speed. If you pursue a balanced performance of face value, performance, photo taking and battery life, then Xiaomi 13 will be your best choice. In addition, the current activity price in JD.COM is 3021.01 yuan, which is much cheaper than the original price. …

What exercise do you choose to lose weight? How to arrange exercise and burn fat with the highest efficiency?

# To lose weight, what exercise would you choose and how to exercise to burn fat with the highest efficiency? #

How to choose exercise to lose weight? Don’t just watch the calories burned!

To lose weight, many people will choose running, swimming and other sports that seem to consume a lot of calories, but in fact, burning calories is not the same as burning fat. Burning fat needs to convert fat into energy, which requires oxygen, that is, it needs long-term aerobic exercise.

What are the differences in fat burning efficiency among several different exercise modes?

Mode 1: Aerobic exercise has the highest fat burning efficiency.

Aerobic exercise can improve heart rate and breathing, accelerate oxygen circulation and promote fat metabolism, thus achieving the purpose of burning fat. Recommended aerobic exercise includes jogging, brisk walking, swimming, elliptical machine and so on.

Among them, jogging and brisk walking can choose low-intensity exercise for a long time, while swimming and elliptical machine can choose moderate-intensity exercise for a short time.

You can choose the exercise that suits you according to your physical condition, or start with the low-intensity exercise, and with the improvement of physical endurance, gradually increase the training intensity and choose the exercise with higher calorie consumption value, so as to stick to it.

Mode 2: Aerobic+strength training to lose weight more efficiently.

If only aerobic exercise is carried out, the rate of fat consumption will gradually decrease, and at the same time, the problem of muscle loss will occur, which is not conducive to the construction of lean physique.

Therefore, it is suggested to add some strength training on the basis of aerobic exercise, such as squats, lunges, push-ups, pull-ups, etc., and train once every other day for 30-40 minutes each time, which can help maintain muscle quality, improve their basic metabolism, and make their figure lines better after slimming down.

Summary:People who lose weight should choose the exercise mode that suits them, insist on exercising and eat reasonably, so as to lose weight more efficiently and move towards a healthy life.

Asking nothing about the west and the east: a new trend in the study of medical social history

In recent years, with the epidemic situation in COVID-19 and the changes in international politics, the demand for realistic care for historical research has become increasingly strong, which has attracted academic attention. In order to break the national barriers of medical history research and further strengthen academic exchanges, on the afternoon of November 25, 2023, a youth workshop entitled "No Questions about the West: New Trends in Medical Social History Research" sponsored by the Center for World History and International Drug Control Policy Research of the Department of History of Shanghai University was held in Shanghai. Nearly 20 scholars from Fudan University, Shanghai University, Zhejiang University, Nanjing University, East China Normal University, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, Shandong University, Shandong Normal University and Peking Union Medical College, as well as the University of Manchester in England, the University of Heidelberg in Germany and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in the United States, attended the conference at the same time, and discussed the frontiers of medical history research from the political, economic, gender, social, knowledge and sensory perspectives.

Group photo of participants

Associate Professor Yang Changyun, deputy dean of the School of Literature of Shanghai University, presided over the opening ceremony and gave a welcome speech. He looked forward to learning from each other in medical history research, helping interdisciplinary research and their dialogue and cooperation, thus expanding the research team of medical history and cultivating the diverse horizons of young scholars’ research. In the special report session, the speaker conducted in-depth exchanges around the two major themes of medical history research: "Oriental vision" and "Western path".

First, the oriental perspective of medical history research

The theme of the first half of the conference was "Oriental Vision of Medical History Research", and the four reports mainly focused on the Middle Ages to modern times, trying to put China’s local medical history research in the perspective of the development of world history and make China voice in the international discourse system.

Jiang Shan (Peking Union Medical College) first reported the paper "The Significance of the Study on the Conceptual History of Acupuncture: Taking Ashi Point as an Example". Jiang Shan pointed out that in the current acupuncture knowledge system, Ashi point belongs to one of the three categories of acupoints. However, this knowledge comes from a folk therapy record in a corner of Qian Jin Fang. How Ashi point rose from the edge of classical literature to the core position of modern acupuncture theory is rarely discussed. Therefore, Jiang Shan traces the origin and conceptual evolution of Ashi point, and thinks that the sudden emergence of Ashi point in China originated from the Republic of China. The modernization and transformation of acupuncture theory in the Republic of China was influenced by Japan to some extent. Japan’s preference for practical technology, theoretical innovation of schools and the subsequent scientific transformation of acupuncture have become three important reasons for changing the theoretical status of Ashi point. With the translation and introduction of Japanese acupuncture textbooks in the Republic of China and the theoretical innovation of doctors in the Republic of China, Ashi point was finally reconstructed into today’s face. Commentators exchanged views with reporters on the practical pursuit of lower-level Chinese medicine, the labeling methods of 25 Chinese-translated Japanese medical books, and the relationship between the adjustment of Ashi point theory and the commercialization of acupuncture therapy.

The report of Gu Yue (Department of History, Shanghai University) is entitled "Liver disease, especially for women": Liver disease as a chronic disease and the painful experience of women in Qing Dynasty. Gu Yue introduced the research method of chronic diseases, studied the painful experience of women suffering from liver diseases in Qing Dynasty, and found that emotion became the explanatory theory of patients and their families. Chronic diseases often reflect the root of social anxiety. Here, liver disease symbolizes an emotional anxiety that women can’t suppress. Gu Yue pointed out that female patients themselves internalized their emotional anxiety into their daily coping strategies for chronic diseases. Commentators discussed the definition of emotional diseases mentioned in the article, the discussion on the correlation between emotions and diseases, and the comparative observation of China society’s control and construction of women’s diseases and their emotions based on the theory of body fluids in the 14th century.

Focusing on modern times, the third speaker, Ji Linghui (School of History, Zhejiang University), wrote a paper entitled "Preliminary Study on Health Technology Cooperation between the League of Nations and the National Government before the outbreak of the All-round Anti-Japanese War". From the perspective of globalization and nationalization, he reorganized the process of health cooperation between the League of Nations and the National Government during the Republic of China. Ji Linghui focused on the extensive health technical cooperation between the two sides before the outbreak of the All-round Anti-Japanese War, including sending experts to China, rebuilding port quarantine, helping the Yangtze River flood, establishing a central laboratory, sending experts to Europe, and pointed out that the health technical cooperation between the Ministry of Health of the League of Nations and the Ministry of Health of the Nanjing National Government was one of the important thrusts for the development of medical and health undertakings in China during the Republic of China. Commentators exchanged views with reporters on the use of archives, the writing of research summary and historical analysis, as well as diplomatic medical cooperation research.

The fourth speaker, Zhang Meng (Center for Science, Technology and Medical History of Manchester University), gave a report entitled "Exploring a new medical model: the Communist Party of China (CPC) and Peking University Medical College before and after the founding of the People’s Republic of China". Zhang Meng believes that there should be a gradual transition stage in the central task of medical and health care from the revolutionary war period to the CPC becoming the ruling party. Commentators exchanged views with reporters on the definition and social role of Chinese medical care in this paper.

Second, the western path of medical history research

The report in the second half of the conference pays attention to the research path of medical history in European countries such as France, Germany and Britain since modern times, and reviews the experience of globalization from the non-localized research materials.

Liu Xiaomeng (Department of History, Fudan University) gave a report entitled "Practical Therapy and Life Experience: Reconstructing the Collection and Production of Medical Prescriptions by French Artisans in Early Modern Times". Focusing on the manuscript numbered Ms. Fr. 640 now in the National Library of France, Liu Xiaomeng made a detailed discussion on 48 medical prescriptions in the manuscript by means of text interpretation and laboratory reconstruction, so as to get a glimpse of the folk medical concepts in early modern Europe and the skills and material culture practiced by craftsmen. The specific case reported by Liu Xiaomeng also shows the importance of reconstruction experiment, and the transformation process of materials in drug preparation is difficult to convey through the medical text itself. This ability to understand the material personally is also the meaning of popular scientific research. The reviewers discussed with the reporter the manuscripts of early modern European workers, the medical concept of ordinary people and the methods of laboratory reconstruction.

Mao Lixia (School of History and Culture, Shandong Normal University) discussed the first victory in the war between human beings and diseases-the eradication of smallpox in 1980 with the title "The beginning of smallpox eradication-on the innovation and practice of smallpox prevention in Britain in the 18th century". Mauritia believes that the eradication of smallpox began with the medical breakthrough and practice of smallpox prevention and control in Britain in the 18th century. At the same time, Mauritia also pointed out that the breakthrough and practice of smallpox prevention and control in Britain is the result of the joint efforts of all walks of life, which shows the public welfare of medicine and the ingenuity of medical practitioners, and then makes the eradication of smallpox from the foresight in the 18th century to the reality in the 20th century. Commentators discussed with the reporter about the orientation of the article, the awareness of problems and the beginning of smallpox eradication.

The report of Gu Nianmao (Department of History, East China Normal University) is entitled "robert koch and the Laboratory Turn of German Medicine in 19th Century". Gu Nianmao first explained the origin of writing this article, and his post-doctoral experience on the production and international dissemination of German bacteriology knowledge. Gu Nianmao believes that after the 1840s and 1950s, modern medicine took a "laboratory turn", from French clinical medicine focusing on pathological anatomy and clinical observation to German laboratory medicine advocating experimental reduction and regular analysis, which jointly promoted the development of modern medical science. Gu Nianmao pointed out that robert koch has made pioneering achievements in the pathogenicity of bacteria and the research methods of laboratory bacteriology, and made great efforts to promote the knowledge transfer between new laboratory discoveries and clinical treatment. The reviewers exchanged views with the reporter on the writing methods, compactness and relevance of the contents of the paper, and the countries and regions of medical social history research.

An Yongna (Department of History, Shanghai University)’ s report is entitled "The Debate over the Image of Alcoholics and the Turn of Social Governance in 19th Century Britain". An Yongna pointed out that alcoholism was a high-frequency word in British public discourse in the 19th century, but the definition of alcoholics was complicated and complicated. An Yongna believes that the increasingly serious crime of alcoholism threatens social order, and a series of spillover effects forced the British government to adjust its governance direction in the mid-19th century. On the one hand, it actively cooperated with the humanitarian public opinion of moral reform, and on the other hand, it promulgated the Insanity Act, so the Royal Madhouse became a place to legally accommodate alcoholics. The high incidence and recurrence rate of alcoholism made the Royal Madhouse, which depended on donations for its livelihood, unable to withstand its economic pressure in the late 19th century. Therefore, doctors used the right to speak on alcoholism in medicine and petitioned for another special law to manage alcoholics. In the 19th century, the multiple reversals of the image of alcoholics outlined the exploration and transformation of the British government’s governance model in the industrialization period. Commentators discussed the definition of drinking and alcoholism, the areas involved in the article and some wording with the speaker.

After the two keynote speeches, the workshop entered a round-table discussion session. Xiang Rong, Professor of History Department of Fudan University, Fan-Xiang Min, Professor of History Department of Nanjing University, Zou Xiang, Professor of History and Culture College of Shandong University, and Yongan Zhang, Professor of History Department of Shanghai University, and other experts and scholars focused on the theme of this workshop, "No Questions about the West: A New Trend of Medical Social History Research".

Professor Xiangrong regrets the great development and changes in the study of medical social history in recent years. Based on his own experience of studying PhD in Britain in 1990s, and then coming into contact with medical history, Professor Xiangrong pointed out that the research of medical social history is becoming more and more mature, and researchers have already gone beyond the general "top-down" or "bottom-up" research path, but are more thorough and in-depth. Medical social history is becoming an independent research direction, which is also related to two profound public health tests in China-SARS and COVID-19 epidemic. Later, Professor Xiangrong contacted the theme of the conference, "Ask nothing about the West", and pointed out the necessity and importance of breaking the boundary between world history and China history.

Professor Fan-Xiang Min put forward his own views on the national boundaries of medical social history. Professor Fan-Xiang Min said that the reason why we pay attention to the national topic of medical social history is not to make medical social history a national history, but to notice that the Chinese literary circles don’t know enough about the medical social history of some countries, such as French medical social history. We should pay more attention to the research of medical social history in these countries, and introduce their research methods and theories to domestic scholars, so as to promote the full integration of domestic medical social history research with the world. In addition, Professor Fan-Xiang Min believes that medical care and diseases are common problems faced by human beings, and the global spread of medicine is very rapid, but there are also countries and regions in the process of communication. If we overemphasize regions and countries, we can’t get a glimpse of the whole study of medical social history; At present, English-speaking countries dominate the research of medical history in China’s world historians, while other countries are relatively rare. If we ignore the study of medical social history in some language areas (such as Spanish-speaking areas), we will also fall into the trap of a blind eye. As for the research object of medical history, Mr. Fan-Xiang Min thinks that traditionally we are confined to orthodox medicine and medical system, and the medicine outside orthodox medicine, such as how ordinary patients seek medical advice, is often neglected.

Professor Zou Xiang talked about his feelings from the aspect of thesis writing. Based on his years of research experience, Professor Zou Xiang further pointed out that the research of medical social history should be problem-oriented and run through the whole paper, rather than deliberately following the national boundaries, because the history of bacteria and viruses will not follow the national development. Based on her visiting experience in Oxford, Mr. Zou Xiang put forward a point that needs attention, that is, writing historical papers should adhere to the historical method and should not be easily influenced by the writing methods of other disciplines. This has also aroused the high approval of Professor Xiangrong, who believes that in the process of studying medical social history from an interdisciplinary perspective, we should especially stick to the disciplinary position of history.

At the end of the meeting, Professor Yongan Zhang made a concluding speech. Professor Yongan Zhang pointed out that a small-scale workshop for young scholars is beneficial for young scholars to communicate with each other, build their own academic network, and learn from outstanding peers, so as to motivate themselves to make continuous progress on the academic road. As for the theme of this workshop-"No Questions, West and East: A New Trend of Medical Social History Research", Professor Yongan Zhang said that he chose this topic because the research of medical social history is problem-oriented and really needs to break the boundary, so as to help us find and discuss problems. In addition, breaking the boundaries between disciplines is beneficial for humanities to use many concepts pioneered by science and engineering, which may help promote our current research. Professor Yongan Zhang also pointed out that the study of medical social history has been in full swing in the west. In Britain, almost all higher-level schools have a strong medical social history team, and medical social history is also a hot direction of humanities research. In the United States, many scholars who have received systematic medical training conduct medical humanities research. It is necessary to learn from each other in the study of medical social history. In addition, Professor Yongan Zhang expressed his delight at the discussion and exchange in this workshop: young scholars are really "learning from the west without asking questions", trying to break the boundaries between disciplines and countries in the research process, and at the same time trying to enrich their research by using multi-source files and multi-country and multi-language materials. At the same time, Professor Yongan Zhang also raised two questions. First, we should strive to do research that can attract the attention and recognition of the academic circles in the target countries, so as to expand the influence of research. Second, we should advocate more transnational and cross-regional research.And pay attention to putting China in the field of vision, so that more breakthroughs may be made. Finally, Professor Yongan Zhang expressed his expectation for the future workshop for young scholars, hoping that more different scholars would participate in the exchange and spark more thoughts.