New Energy Automobile Industry Development Plan (2021— In 2035), it is proposed that the core technology of China’s new energy vehicles should reach the international advanced level in 2035, and the quality brands have strong international competitiveness, and it is pointed out that it is necessary to improve the infrastructure system and improve the service level of charging infrastructure — —
Reporter Li He
New energy vehicles have become the main direction of the global automobile industry transformation and development, and also an important engine to promote the sustained growth of the world economy. For China, developing new energy vehicles is the only way to move from a big automobile country to a strong automobile country, and it is also a strategic measure to cope with climate change and promote green development. Since 2010, China’s new energy vehicles have grown rapidly at an average annual rate of double. In 2019, 1.06 million new energy passenger cars were sold, ranking first in the world for five consecutive years. With the development plan of energy-saving and new energy automobile industry (2012— After the end of 2020), how should China’s new energy automobile industry develop?
On November 2nd, General Office of the State Council announced the Development Plan of New Energy Automobile Industry (2021— 2035) (hereinafter referred to as "Planning") emphasizes the need to seize strategic opportunities, give full play to the advantages in infrastructure, information and communication, continuously enhance the core competitiveness of the industry, and promote the high-quality and sustainable development of the new energy automobile industry.
With strong competitiveness, the core technology has reached the international advanced level.
The Plan is divided into eight chapters, including five key tasks, five column tasks and five "three 5s" of safeguard measures. Xin Guobin, vice minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that as a programmatic document of the new energy automobile industry, the main highlights of the Plan can be summarized as "four new ones", namely, adapting to the new situation, adapting to new requirements, proposing new development paths and defining new development directions.
The new situation means that with the vigorous development of the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation in the world, new energy vehicles integrate new energy, new materials, Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other revolutionary technologies to promote the transformation of vehicles from simple means of transportation to mobile intelligent terminals, energy storage units and digital spaces, and promote the optimization of energy consumption structure, the improvement of transportation system and the intelligent level of urban operation; Emphasizing "market leading" requires giving full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, strengthening the dominant position of enterprises in the selection of technical routes and the construction of production and service systems, giving full play to the role of the government in strategic planning and guidance, formulation of standards and regulations, quality and safety supervision, maintenance of market order, and green consumer guide, so as to create a good environment for industrial development.
The Plan proposes that by 2025, the competitiveness of China’s new energy vehicle market will be significantly enhanced, and the sales volume of new energy vehicles will reach about 20% of the total sales volume of new vehicles, and the long-term goal of "in 2035, the core technology of China’s new energy vehicles will reach the international advanced level, and the quality brands will have strong international competitiveness".
Xin Guobin said that at present, there is still a certain gap between new energy vehicles and traditional fuel vehicles in terms of purchase cost and charging convenience. To promote the goal that the sales volume of new energy vehicles will reach about 20% of the total sales volume of new vehicles in 2025, it needs to be promoted from both the supply and demand sides. On the supply side, it is necessary to continuously strengthen technical research around key factors such as reducing costs and improving safety, develop advanced, applicable and reliable products, and accelerate the formation of greater market competitive advantages; On the demand side, it is necessary to strengthen policy guidance, introduce preferential policies to encourage the use of new energy vehicles, optimize classified traffic management measures, encourage business model innovation such as power exchange, accelerate the electrification of vehicles in public areas, increase the promotion of new energy vehicles to the countryside, and continuously improve the user experience.
Cui Dongshu, deputy secretary-general of the National Passenger Car Association, said that in terms of power consumption, the Plan proposed that by 2025, the average power consumption of new electric passenger cars would be reduced to 12 kWh/100 km. This is 1 degree higher than the 11 kWh/100 km of its exposure draft. In essence, it is to encourage the development of high-end new energy and should give it more room for development.
Driven by innovation, deepen the "three verticals and three horizontals" R&D layout
Xin Guobin said that China’s new energy automobile industry has developed to this stage, and there are still problems such as weak core technology innovation ability, quality assurance system to be improved, lagging infrastructure construction, service model to be innovated and improved, imperfect industrial ecology, and increasing market competition.
Telly, director of the High-tech Department of the Ministry of Science and Technology, said that from the whole development experience of new energy vehicles, the supporting and leading role of scientific and technological innovation in its development is very obvious.
In order to promote the realization of the goal, the Plan puts forward the basic principle of "innovation drive" and the special chapter of "improving the ability of technological innovation", and also emphasizes deepening the layout of "three verticals and three horizontals". "Three verticals" refer to pure electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles, and "three verticals" refer to power batteries and management systems, drive motors and power electronics, networking and intelligent technologies.
"For the power battery, the core component of new energy vehicles, it will be deployed in advance in terms of new systems, new materials, new processes and new structures, and promote the development of power batteries in the direction of high specific energy and high safety; For fuel cells, we will focus on supporting core materials such as proton exchange membranes, catalysts and carbon paper, as well as key technologies related to hydrogen energy, and work hard on high performance, long life and low cost of fuel cells. " Telly said that around intelligence, networking and lightweight, we will speed up the layout of a new generation of information technology and focus on promoting the development of autonomous driving technologies and equipment such as vehicle control operating systems and computing platforms and vehicle-level chips; Strengthen the technical layout of new materials and support the research and development of silicon carbide power devices, lightweight materials and low-cost rare earth permanent magnet materials. We will increase support for scientific and technological innovation platforms such as the National New Energy Vehicle Technology Innovation Center, build a national strategic scientific and technological force for the national new energy vehicle industry, and provide support for the research and development of common key technologies in the industry.
Xin Guobin said that in addition to strengthening innovation drive, it also pays attention to standard guidance, which will promote the formation of a technical standard system based on vehicle-road coordination and reflecting Chinese characteristics. Accelerate the deployment of 5G communication base stations, promote the transformation and upgrading of intelligent roads, and organize manned loading tests and large-scale application demonstrations.
Improve infrastructure and promote the construction of charging and replacing network
China has built the largest charging network in the world. As of September this year, 42,000 charging stations and 525 power stations have been built nationwide, with 1.42 million charging piles of various types, and the ratio of vehicles to piles is about 3.1: 1.
"Charging and replacing electricity infrastructure is a key link in the development of new energy vehicles and an important support for industrial promotion. On the whole, compared with the promotion and application scale of new energy vehicles, the construction and development of charging facilities still cannot meet the needs of consumers, and it is necessary to increase construction efforts and optimize structural layout. " Xin Guobin said.
The Plan proposes to "improve the infrastructure system", promote the construction of the charging and replacing network, scientifically arrange the charging and replacing infrastructure, and strengthen the overall coordination with urban and rural construction planning, power grid planning and property management, and urban parking. Relying on "internet plus" smart energy, we will improve the level of intelligence, promote the charging service mode in residential areas with intelligent and orderly slow charging as the mainstay and emergency fast charging as the supplement, accelerate the formation of expressways and urban and rural public charging networks with moderate advance, fast charging as the mainstay and slow charging as the supplement, encourage the application of power exchange mode, and improve charging convenience and product reliability.
According to the data provided by the Ministry of Finance, in order to support local governments to speed up the construction of charging infrastructure, from 2014, the central government will give incentives to local governments to carry out charging infrastructure construction. So far, the central government has issued a total of 4.5 billion yuan of incentive funds, forming a development pattern of coordinated promotion between the central and local governments.
"In the past, users had mileage anxiety, and driving new energy vehicles could not run far, so they could only run in the city. Now, some expressways have built networked charging and power exchange facilities. " Xin Guobin said that to solve the mileage anxiety, in addition to continuing to increase the construction of charging piles, it is also necessary to consider the problem of making full use of existing charging piles. The existing information management technology can be used to bring all charging piles into a management platform and share them as much as possible. With the continuous expansion of market capacity, the construction layout of charging piles will be more scientific and standardized.
The Plan also proposes to improve the service level of charging infrastructure. Guide enterprises to jointly establish a charging facility operation service platform to realize interconnection, information sharing and unified settlement. Strengthen the research and development of technologies such as safety monitoring and early warning of charging equipment and distribution system, improve the safety, consistency and reliability of charging facilities, and improve the level of service guarantee.
New Year’s Day holiday lasts three days in a row.
Hongze scenic spots open a sea of people to travel.
Come and have a look at the first-hand scene map with Xiaohong.
Huaian fangte dongfang yuxiao
During the New Year’s Day holiday, Huai ‘an Fangte launched the "Fangte Ice and Snow Festival". The rejuvenated stage and dreamy winter elves made every visitor feel full of surprises. The park is full of songs and dances, full of energy, and people come and go in various indoor and outdoor projects, with laughter.
Just tonight, Huai ‘an Fangte will accompany us to open a New Year’s Eve carnival full of ceremony.
Mysterious band surprises to sing, New Year’s Eve gift hits hard, drone lineup is super doubled, two fireworks light up the starry sky, bears haunt the sky for the first time, 20+ performing arts are upgraded, dreams come back to the Red Chamber, winter bonfires, and holiday surprises hit … There are too many wonderful things to watch, don’t wait, come and join this New Year’s Eve party!
Hongze Lake Guyan Scenic Area
On December 30th, our district held a healthy Hongze 10,000-person walking activity to welcome the new year. With the sound of the starting gun, the district leaders and more than 10,000 participants started to walk along the ancient weir of Hongze Lake with beautiful scenery. The whole journey was 4.6 kilometers. Everyone was enthusiastic and energetic. They found fun from the exercise, relaxed their body and mind, and showed a positive spirit.
The super "Meng" team is finally here! The Xiaotie Niu Meng Chong Paradise in the ancient weir scenic spot of Hongze Lake is very lively. On this day, adults and children have turned into little detectives, actively looking for clues on the treasure map, punching in and taking pictures, and grabbing the big treasure of snacks.
Or cool or cute mecha show clown interaction also attracted a large number of audience enthusiastic onlookers, everyone was immersed in a happy and peaceful atmosphere.
Unpowered play facilities have become a paradise for children to have fun, and laughter is constant.
The New Year’s Day running in the Year of the Dragon will start in 2024. Visitors who enter the park on New Year’s Day can also participate in running activities and win several tickets. Come on!
Baima lake eco-tourism scenic spot
This New Year’s Day holiday, everyone can enjoy the speed and passion in the go-karting sports center, Yuan Ye in the Alas Horse Paradise, and the cat and mouse in the Mishima Adventures … Come and enjoy the festive atmosphere of the festival ~
The excitement continues.
New year’s day this year
Just come to Hongze. Hey.
Original title: "Come to Hongze on New Year’s Day! Wonderful holiday, full of ceremony! 》
Read the original text
Zhang Bin, a national social sports instructor from Xicheng District, Beijing, is also a representative inheritor of Tongbei Boxing, a non-legacy ape. He was selected as the most beautiful social sports instructor in 2023 in the form of online recommendation.
In recent years, Zhang Bin, based on the basic skills of Tongbei Boxing and guided by the combination of medicine and martial arts, has compiled a series of fitness techniques for Tongbei Boxing, which has been used as a starting point to carry out public fitness activities for all. "The biggest advantage of our team is to make full use of the Internet to carry out publicity work." Zhang Bin said. At present, they have opened an account named "White Ape Wudao" on multiple platforms, with more than 400,000 fans on the whole network. Colorful network activities such as "keeping pace with me, walking with health" and "practicing in summer, rocking arm with me" have attracted a group of people’s attention and participation.
In addition, Zhang Bin and the team also carried out the theme activity of "Back-to-Back Fitness Exercise for Healthy China" and conducted public welfare training on Back-to-Back Fitness Exercise. In October this year, they actively responded to the call of the State Sports General Administration and organized the second national online exchange and exhibition activity of "Striving for a New Journey to Promote Health", which was attended by 91 teams and 730 people from all over the country.
In addition to giving full play to online advantages, Zhang Bin and his team also carried out many offline activities with the strong support of Xicheng District Sports Bureau and Beijing Social Sports Management Center. Since 2018, we have organized and carried out the public fitness activities of "National Fitness into the Community, Through Back Fitness to Benefit the Public"; Three public welfare counseling stations have been set up in Fayuan Temple, Yuetan Park and Wanshou Park. Set up a volunteer team to carry out public welfare activities … At present, Tongbei Fitness has formed a new national fitness project mainly in Xicheng District, covering eight urban areas in Beijing, more than a dozen provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country, with hundreds of teams and tens of thousands of people participating. In 2022, Tongbei Fitness was selected into the National Fitness Volunteer Service Project Library of the State Sports General Administration.
"I am deeply honored and responsible to be selected as the most beautiful social sports instructor in 2023." Zhang Bin said that the duty of social sports instructors is not only to impart sports skills, but more importantly, to spread a healthy lifestyle and advocate a positive outlook on life, so as to help people find happiness in sports and improve their quality of life. (From December 19th, China Sports Daily, 05 edition)
Swimming has become a standard sport in summer, and lying in a cold pool in summer is a great pleasure in summer! In addition to the comfort of cooling, swimming has several unknown benefits. Let’s take you to know about the benefits of swimming and related taboos today ~
Four benefits of swimming:
Step 1 lose weight
Swimming is one of the most effective ways to lose weight. Experts’ experiments show that the heat consumed by staying at 12 degrees Celsius for 4 minutes can only be consumed in 1 hour on land at the same temperature. The reason for such a big difference is that the density and heat transfer of water are greater than that of air, so regular exercise in water can gradually consume more fat and shape a more perfect posture.
2. It is beneficial to the recovery of chronic respiratory diseases.
Swimming can exercise the respiratory muscles such as pectoral muscle, diaphragm muscle and intercostal muscle, thus improving the ventilation function of the lungs and improving the efficiency of breathing. Proper swimming exercise is beneficial to the rehabilitation of patients with chronic respiratory diseases.
Step 3 strengthen your heart
As a horizontal exercise, swimming can not only make all parts of the body bear the same gravity, but also balance blood circulation and strengthen the heart.
Step 4 soothe joints
Different types of swimming movements can exercise the joints of the body. In addition, because the water has buoyancy when swimming, the legs are free from supporting the weight, and the main joints of the thighs can be relaxed and relieved.
Although swimming is good,But there are still a few points to pay attention to..
1. It is not advisable to swim for a long time.
The swimming duration should not exceed 1.5-2 hours. Because people stay in the water for a period of time, the blood flow on the body surface expands, and the skin turns from cold to warm. However, once they stay in the water for too long, the skin will gradually appear goose bumps and chills, which will have a certain impact on health.
2. It is not advisable to eat immediately after swimming.
Because swimming consumes a lot of fat and calories, there will be some hunger after swimming. However, eating immediately after swimming will increase the burden on the stomach and intestines, which will easily lead to gastrointestinal diseases for a long time. Therefore, you should rest for 1 hour before eating.
3. Patients with otitis media, dermatosis and acute conjunctivitis should avoid swimming.
There are a lot of bacteria in the swimming pool. If people with the above diseases swim again, it will not only make the original condition worse, but even spread the disease bacteria in the swimming pool, causing infection to others.
4. Pay attention to cleaning after swimming.
After swimming, you should take a bath or dry your body with a towel immediately, then drop Chlorella or boric acid eye drops on your glasses and clean up nasal secretions. If there is water in the ear, you should use "jumping on the same side" to discharge the water, so as to avoid the eardrum injury caused by hand digging.