The price is 894,900 yuan, and Volvo’s new XC90 T8 model is on the market.

  A few days ago, Netcom learned from the official that Volvo’s new XC90 T8 model was launched at a price of 894,900 yuan. The new car is mainly adjusted for the power battery. The new XC90 T8 model is equipped with a brand-new power battery and rear axle motor drive system, with a comprehensive maximum output of 335 kW and a pure electric cruising range of 59 km. It is worth mentioning that Volvo’s new XC90 T8 model can also start the "single pedal" mode.

Netcom automobile

  

car make and model Price (ten thousand yuan) RECHARGE T8 four-wheel drive Zhizun Deluxe Edition 89.49 Watchmaking: Netcom Internet Info Agency

 

Netcom automobile

  In terms of appearance, Volvo’s new XC90 T8 model continues the current model design. The chrome-plated air intake grille with large concave front face is very imposing, and the active follow-up LED headlights with adaptive high beams on both sides of the front are very recognizable. In addition, it is equipped with a brand-new front enclosure component, and the blackened air inlet is decorated with silver decorative strips, which is full of movement.

Netcom automobile

Netcom automobile

  The side shape of the new car is full, and the chrome trim strips at the window frame and side skirt are matched with large-size multi-spoke wheels to further enhance the fashion sense of the car. In the rear part, Volvo’s new XC90 T8 model is equipped with a rear spoiler, which is highly recognizable with the iconic vertical LED taillights. In addition, the car is equipped with the exclusive badge of "T8 RECHARGE" at the tail, which shows its identity as a plug-in hybrid model.

Netcom automobile

  In the interior part, Volvo’s new XC90 T8 model is covered with a large area of leather material, which is very textured as a whole. In addition, the new car is also equipped with a 12.3-inch LCD instrument, which is full of technology with a 9-inch touch control screen. It is worth mentioning that the car also has a Bowers &Wilkins hall-class sound system and front seats that support heating, ventilation and massage functions.

Netcom automobile

  In the power part, the new XC90 T8 model adopts brand-new power battery and rear axle motor drive system. Among them, the battery capacity of the car is 18.8 kWh, and the pure electric cruising range is 59 kilometers; The motor power is 107 kW, the torque is 309 Nm, the comprehensive power is 335 kW, and the peak torque is 709 Nm.

  (Photo/Text Netcom Zhang Xiaoyi)

Empathy! "Hot Search" Chengdu roadshow news students were deeply touched.


1905 movie network news The film directed by, starring, and starring is being shown. Yesterday, the national roadshow "Hot Search" and "Sound All the Way" came to Chengdu. Director Xin Yukun, actors Song Yang and Justin came to the roadshow to communicate with the audience after the show. The audience said that "the film shows the cross-section of the whole fermentation process of the hot search event to everyone", and fans with directors praised that "the director still brought us different shocks after years of violation".


In the film, the reversal of public opinion is closely linked, and the audience said that when watching it, "the heart is ups and downs, and the first half is very painful. Finally, it is very enjoyable to see Chen Miao’s comeback, and it is also a great surprise." There is also an audience who bluntly said that "Peng Yue is so bad that he was so angry that he wanted to rush to hit him". At the roadshow, the audience enthusiastically taught Justin Sichuan dialect "Angry at Peng Yue", and the atmosphere was very happy.


Empathy! The audience praised the social significance of the film. 

News students are deeply touched "will stick to the original heart of news"


High-flow social events, various reversals of public opinion, and the contest between good and evil behind the push … The film moved the hot spots behind the stage, making the audience sigh that "the film touched on social topics such as cyber violence, sexual assault, and public opinion reversal, which is of great social significance and deserves to be seen by more people". The director said that the hot spots in the network change very quickly. "The movie has the opportunity for everyone to sit down and slowly see behind an event." At the scene of the road show, some viewers said that the reality of public opinion presented in the film made them feel the same, and they were threatened by their voices. "So I know more about how much harm a vicious word can do to a person and how much courage it takes to make a small voice."


After watching the movie, a news professional audience said that "the film’s presentation of hot events is very real, and the DNA of learning news has moved." The director said frankly: "The film has the responsibility of recording the times. In the period when the media is very prosperous, the complexity of online public opinion and the power of different classes under the background of the times are necessary to be recorded by the film." The audience also mentioned that Chen Miao’s adherence to the ideal of news in the process of speaking for the weak made him very touched, saying that "I will also adhere to the original heart of news." Song Yang said: "Everyone has a wonderful Chen in his heart, which leads us to speak out bravely at an appropriate time."


Female mutual help is figurative, presenting girlfriends, and the audience is moved to tears.

Lawyers, audience, two movies, calling on everyone to speak bravely.


At the roadshow, girlfriends watched the movie together, indicating that they were moved by the power of women’s mutual help in the movie. When they saw that justice was done, they "shed tears with excitement" and lamented that "the power of girls help girls is really concrete. It is a matter of special courage to stand up and help people who are being hurt". Some viewers said that they were deeply impressed by the lyrics of the ending song Byakki Smoker, which reflected the difficulties faced by many women. The director said frankly that he hoped to "record the distinctive power of women’s mutual assistance in this era and the plight of different classes in their depths" through the film.


There is also a lawyer audience at the scene who said that he has already brushed the film twice, and he was deeply touched. "The current network environment is very complicated, and public opinion supervision is very important, but there must be no public opinion trial, which may make the parties face social death on the Internet first." As a legal practitioner, I will try my best to ensure that every case is echoed in fairness and justice. Song Yang said: "The network can make a sound. I hope that everyone can make a sound when they are hurt, and gather into a fire to overthrow all evil forces."


The film "Hot Search" is showing.


Do a good job in health management during the Spring Festival

Layout design: Jia Guoliang

Cartoon drawing: Jiang Chen

Festival dinner, eat well and pay attention to it.

■ Pei Suping Special correspondent of Liberation Army Daily Wang Junbo

The nutrition experts at Beidaihe Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation Center put forward the following suggestions on how to make officers and men eat nutritionally and healthily during the holiday dinner.

Make recipes scientifically. Some units have more meat dishes at dinner, while vegetables, fruits and bean products account for less. This kind of diet with more meat and less vegetables will interfere with the normal metabolism of human body, increase the demand for water in the body, increase the burden on the liver and kidney, and increase the acid metabolites and serum uric acid, which will lead to physical fatigue and symptoms of "getting angry". It is suggested that all units should pay attention to the thickness of staple food, the combination of dry and thin food and the combination of meat and variety of non-staple food according to the principle of scientific catering, which can include animal foods such as livestock, poultry, seafood, eggs and milk, and also plant foods such as leafy vegetables, roots, melons, fresh beans, fungi and algae, so as to achieve the purpose of food diversification, balanced diet and comprehensive nutrition. On the dining table, you can also prepare some seasonings such as shredded ginger or vinegar soaked ginger slices, garlic cloves, hot sauce, pickles and vinegar to adjust different tastes. In addition to paying attention to the collocation of dishes, it is also necessary to avoid concentrating the dinner dishes in one meal. It is suggested to disperse them in three meals according to the energy ratio of 3: 4: 3, and follow the principle of "eat well at breakfast, have a full lunch and have a light and early dinner". Dinner dishes mainly focus on improving quality, not increasing quantity. If conditions permit, it is suggested that the large pot dishes be made into small pot dishes in several times to obtain a better taste and retain more nutrition in some dishes. In addition, winter meals are easy to cool. Cooking squad should do a good job of food insulation, provide hot food and hot drinks, so as not to affect appetite and cause gastrointestinal discomfort.

The choice of dishes is complementary. Dinner dishes can choose foods that are not often eaten at ordinary times, which are both fresh and can supplement nutrients that are easily lacking in daily life. If the intake of aquatic products is not much at ordinary times, it is suggested to increase fish, shrimp and shellfish rich in high-quality protein and minerals such as calcium, zinc, magnesium and selenium at dinner; Animal viscera can also be properly added to the dishes to supplement nutrients such as vitamin A and iron. In the staple food supply, in addition to the common rice and steamed bread, jiaozi, pancakes, fried cakes, fried noodles and steamed buns can be added, and coarse grains such as corn, sweet potato, yam and miscellaneous beans can be served on the table to supplement B vitamins. Conditional units can make crucian carp bean curd soup, ribs seaweed soup, black-bone chicken soup, eight-treasure porridge, glutinous rice balls, lily tremella lotus seed soup and other soup for officers and men to choose from, which is delicious and nourishing. The canteen can also provide hawthorn tea, sour plum soup, chrysanthemum tea and other drinks to relieve boredom, clear fire and help digestion.

Eat well to protect the stomach. At the festival dinner, the dishes are rich and delicious, and many comrades face a full table of delicious food, so it is easy to eat more and eat more if they are not careful. Overeating, excessive intake of greasy, fat or cold food can easily cause indigestion symptoms such as abdominal distension and constipation, and may even lead to acute gastroenteritis. Officers and men should eat and drink moderately when having a meal, bearing in mind the principle of "balanced diet, 70% to 80% full, chewing slowly, eating less and getting cold". The canteen can provide foods such as radish, hawthorn, lemon, orange, tangerine, etc., as well as dishes such as kelp silk, fungus and onion. If conditions permit, you can also purchase some wild vegetables, which are both nutritious and greasy. If a comrade-in-arms suffers from bloating and stomachache, you can try to massage or moxibustion Zusanli, navel and Zhongwan points, which can relieve the pain. Those with severe symptoms should seek medical attention in time.

Eating the right snacks does not "get angry". Dried fruits and sweets are high-fat and high-calorie foods. If officers and men eat too much after dinner, they will easily get fat, and may also have symptoms such as oral ulcer and sore throat. It is suggested that officers and men should control the intake of snacks during festivals, or replace traditional dried fruits such as peanuts and melon seeds with yogurt, pears, pomelos, sugar cane and persimmons that are beneficial to the intestines. In addition, comrades-in-arms can drink tea with dietotherapy effects such as chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, lotus plumule and dandelion to relieve discomfort such as sore throat and oral ulcer.

To celebrate the Spring Festival, protection is indispensable.

■ Dai Xin Liberation Army Daily reporter Sun Xingwei

Under the condition of normalized epidemic prevention and control, how can the officers and men of the army celebrate the Spring Festival scientifically, safely and orderly? Wang Fusheng, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and director of the Department of Infectious Diseases Medicine of the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital, reminded his comrades that during the festival, there should be no shortage of prevention and control measures.

Remember to protect yourself. Personal protective measures such as wearing masks, keeping social distance and washing hands frequently are still the simplest and most effective personal protective measures to prevent infection. Officers and men should do their own protection at ordinary times and wear masks regularly. When wearing a mask, the mouth, nose and jaw should be completely wrapped, the elastic band of the mask should be tightened, and the aluminum sheets on both sides of the nose should be pressed tightly to reduce the air leakage around. Develop good hygiene habits at ordinary times. Wash your hands before and after meals and before touching your eyes, mouth and nose. When washing your hands, rub every part of your hands with hand sanitizer or soap, especially between your fingers and skin wrinkles. It is best to wash your hands for about 60 seconds each time. It is recommended to refer to the "seven-step washing method". Pay attention to cough etiquette. When coughing or sneezing, cover it with elbow or paper towel, wrap the mouth and nose secretions with paper towel and dispose of them in the garbage bin. If the mask is wet due to coughing or sneezing, it should be replaced in time.

There are rules for holiday meals. Companies should not buy food from unknown sources when purchasing goods and buying new year’s goods. Cooking squad should keep the environment clean and tidy, and disinfect tableware with boiling water and disinfection cabinet as required to kill bacteria and viruses; Chopping boards and knives for handling raw and cooked foods should be separated; Wash your hands between handling raw food and cooked food. When organizing a meal, the temperature of the staff should be measured, and those with fever should be arranged to eat alone, and relevant medical treatment and necessary protection should be done. Officers and soldiers should wash their hands correctly, queue up in order and keep a safe distance before eating; When eating, it is suggested to take the form of buffet, using public chopsticks and spoons.

Pay attention to recreational activities. During the festival, when arranging cultural and sports activities, we should control the scale and formulate epidemic prevention measures. The activity venue should be arranged in an open and ventilated outdoor as far as possible. When it is really necessary to organize indoors, different projects can be divided into decentralized organizations. Participants should try their best to enter in batches by class and platoon, so as to reduce the gathering of people. After the activity, you should open the window and ventilate for 30 minutes, clean the activity venue and wash away the sports equipment.

Strict protection during going out. During the Spring Festival, we should reduce unnecessary trips, avoid getting together or gathering, and minimize risks. Officers and soldiers should strengthen self-prevention when going out to perform tasks, especially when entering key places and closed places such as shopping malls, supermarkets, bazaars, hospitals, elevators, and taking public transportation such as subways and buses, they should wear masks all the time. Keep a "one-meter-long" distance when taking a bus or waiting for a bus, try to stay at the ventilation window, and avoid touching the carriage, handlebars, etc. You can carry hand-free disinfectant with you when you go out, and wash your hands in time if necessary. When going out, you should actively cooperate with the staff in relevant places to do a good job in temperature detection, scanning and showing "health code", and leave as soon as possible after completing the task. If you need to go out for medical treatment, you should choose the nearest hospital, understand the medical treatment process in advance, and reduce the stay time in the hospital; Wear disposable medical masks or surgical masks during medical treatment; Try to avoid touching the surface of objects such as door handles and public signature pens directly during medical treatment, and wash your hands in time or rub your hands with quick-drying hand disinfectant after touching them; Keep a safe distance from others when waiting and queuing.

Public areas are often disinfected. Preventive disinfection can be carried out in public areas during holidays, and the principle of "cleaning first, disinfection second" should be followed. The company meeting rooms, network classrooms and other places frequently used by officers and men should be ventilated to maintain indoor air circulation. Dormitories should be ventilated with windows open every day for at least 30 minutes, twice a day. Clothes, bedding and other fabrics should be frequently changed and aired. When airing, they should be evenly spread out and exposed to the sun for more than 4 hours. Door handles, window handles, tables and chairs, handrails, faucets, thermometers, computer keyboards, etc. that officers and men often contact should be disinfected frequently. When it is suspected that the surface of the object is contaminated, it can be wiped or sprayed with 250-500mg/L chlorine-containing disinfectant or disinfectant paper towel for disinfection, and the residue can be removed with clear water immediately after the specified time.

Stick to exercise and don’t close during the holidays.

■ Hao Donghong

"After a Spring Festival, I gained two pounds" and "the 3 km long-distance race was one minute slower". After the Spring Festival holiday in previous years, some comrades will have "post-holiday syndrome" such as "gaining three pounds every holiday" and "declining training results", which often takes a certain amount of time and intensity of adaptive training to recover. Yuan Wei, an orthopedic surgeon at the 901st Hospital of the Joint Logistics Support Force, reminded his comrades-in-arms to strengthen sports management and maintain a good physical and mental state during the Spring Festival holiday.

Organizational activities are relaxed and moderate. During the Spring Festival, units should make scientific overall plans when organizing activities to prevent unreasonable arrangements from adversely affecting the physical and mental health of officers and men. Activities should be arranged moderately. If there are too many sports competitions, it will easily lead to physical fatigue and physical overdraft, which may also cause physical injury and increase the physical and mental burden of officers and men. If the amount of exercise is too small, coupled with too much diet during the holiday season, the intake of calories can not be consumed, which is easy to cause fat accumulation and indigestion. When organizing activities, units should reasonably grasp the proportion of sports to prevent excessive and insufficient sports. Activities should be combined with static and dynamic activities, so as to achieve organic adjustment of mental and physical strength and avoid a certain activity for a long time. Officers and men can participate in street dance, mechanical dance, aerobics and other projects while carrying out intellectual competitions such as chess and cards, so as to eliminate fatigue and release stress during exercise. The venue can be both internal and external. Indoor activities are too long, which may affect your health because of noisy people and poor air circulation; Staying outdoors for a long time, excessive physical exertion is easy to make people tired, and the cold weather may cause colds. It is suggested that indoor activities and outdoor activities be interspersed. Conditional units can also organize dragon and lion dances, majestic gongs and drums and interesting yangko performances with national characteristics to make officers and men move and have fun. This kind of exercise can improve the coordination of the body and promote the functions of cardiovascular system, respiratory system and sports system.

Physical training is skillfully interspersed. Studies have shown that after people stop exercising for 72 hours, protein in muscles begins to lose, and the strength of the body drops obviously. Comrades usually have a high intensity of training and a fast pace of work, and it is good for their bodies and minds to take advantage of leisure and entertainment during holidays. However, if they indulge in recreational activities, they will have less physical exercise, and their flexibility and flexibility will decline, which is not conducive to starting training after holidays. During the festival, the company can carry out military fun games, such as rolling tires and fun obstacle races, so that officers and men can strengthen their exercise through training and fun. It should be noted that protection should be done during the sports meeting, and warm-up and stretching should be fully done before and after the exercise to prevent training injuries. In addition, comrades-in-arms can use their free time to exercise properly, such as jogging 3000 meters every afternoon to exercise their bones and muscles; Practice equipment with comrades-in-arms to consolidate "muscle memory". In the last two days of the holiday, officers and men can carry out targeted aerobic training such as brisk walking and jogging to improve heart and lung function, recover their physical fitness as soon as possible, and start training in a good state after the year.

Micro-motion sees the needle in the seam. "Micro-movement" can consume calories in a relatively gentle way and improve the flexibility and balance of the body. During the Spring Festival, officers and men can use a little time to exercise. After dinner, you can take a walk with your comrades in the camp and play some small games to promote digestion. It should be noted that strenuous exercise should not be carried out within half an hour after meals, so as to avoid hypoxia of digestive system caused by uneven blood distribution, abdominal pain, vomiting, and even gastroptosis, gastric ulcer and other diseases. When it is inconvenient to do outdoor activities in rainy and cold weather, you can carry out indoor exercises such as straight leg lifting, supine cycling, flat support, one-leg push-ups and land swimming to exercise your core muscles; Leg press, sit-ups and push-ups can be exercised before going to bed to promote metabolism and improve sleep quality.

Scientific adjustment, happy New Year.

■ Tang Yurui, special correspondent of the People’s Liberation Army Daily, Hong Qing Ren

In a few days, the new soldiers of Xialian will welcome their first Spring Festival in the military camp. Think twice about your relatives during the festive season. Stimulated by the festive atmosphere, new comrades may feel depressed and depressed because they miss their families. This is a normal psychological phenomenon, but if you don’t adjust in time and immerse yourself in homesickness for a long time, you may have adverse reactions such as nervousness, irritability, insomnia and irritability, which will affect your physical and mental health. Psychologists from the 907th Hospital of Wuxi Joint Logistics Support Center have compiled a "Happy Secret" for new comrades, helping them to stay away from "emotional smog" and have a happy New Year.

Secret 1: change cognition and get rid of dependence. Psychology calls the process of young people getting rid of their dependence on home and growing up to be independent "the second weaning" in life. Excessive homesickness is a manifestation of psychological lack of "weaning". To get rid of over-dependence psychology, new comrades should consciously change their self-cognition and redefine their roles. You can tell yourself "I have grown up" and "I am a man in a military camp" through positive psychological hints, strengthen your sense of being a soldier, and turn homesickness into the responsibility and mission of guarding the border and standing guard for the country. Under the hint of this lofty sense of mission, new comrades can feel the happiness of growth and the value of life. In addition, new comrades-in-arms can also use some small methods to help them divert their attention and reasonably vent their bad emotions. For example, writing a diary to record the first Spring Festival of military career; Write a letter from home and pour out your thoughts about your parents; Have fun, listen to a cheerful piece of music, read a good book, arouse positive emotions and make you feel better.

Secret 2: Integrate into the group and feel the warmth of "home". Emotion has strong communication and appeal. Being in the collective, new comrades can be positively emotional contagion by the collective or others, thus stimulating the "happiness factor". This kind of positive emotional contagion can also make comrades feel the warmth of the collective, and alleviate the loneliness and loss caused by homesickness. New comrades should pay attention to unity, cooperation, enthusiasm and sincerity when they integrate into the collective. When you are homesick, you can take the initiative to chat with your comrades around you, pour out your own feelings, and gain the trust and support among your comrades in exchange and interaction; Play ball games, run, and do some aerobic exercise with comrades-in-arms to relieve negative emotions and get a sense of pleasure; During the festival, new comrades-in-arms can also actively participate in various activities organized by the company, actively show their own specialties, feel the warmth of the military camp family and gain a sense of belonging in the interaction with their comrades-in-arms.

Tip 3: Set goals and accumulate "heart" strength. The goal is a psychological attraction of the organization to the individual. Setting reasonable goals can stimulate people’s enthusiasm. As soon as the Spring Festival is over, the work for the new year will follow. New comrades-in-arms can make plans and goals for the new year by using their leisure time during holidays, which can not only enrich their holiday life, but also gain psychological excitement through goal guidance. The new year’s goals should be "listed" first, with both short-term phased goals and long-term overall goals. Comrades can set some practical goals for themselves in combination with the training tasks of the troops after the Spring Festival, such as striving to be "training pacesetters" and "learning pacesetters" in the company and overcoming a specific training problem. Secondly, it is necessary to "actually go on" and the content should be specific and clear. Setting the goal too high is difficult to achieve, and it is easy to lose confidence; Not challenging and not inspiring. Therefore, when making goals, we should combine them with reality to make them operational and inspiring. Do it again. After setting the goal, you should take concrete actions. For example, you can take the initiative to consult your comrades around you in your spare time for problems that you can’t keep up with in training. In the process of achieving the goal, new comrades can feel the joy of struggle and the passion of youth, thus maintaining a positive and sunny attitude.

Apple’s 128GB iPhone also has plenty of room for controversy. How much storage do you think is enough for the phone?

Fast Technology reported on March 19th that today, Apple released a promotional video with the theme of "iPhone 15 Storage | Don’ t Let Me Go".

In the video, a man is considering deleting some photos of his mobile phone. At this time, BGM plays the song "Don’ t Let Me Go", and at the end of the video, "Plenty of space to store a large number of photos" appears.

Simply put, Apple wants to show that even the 128GB iPhone15 can have "ample space to store a large number of photos" through cloud storage.

The video quickly caused a heated discussion among netizens and big V bloggers, and many people also questioned it.

Some netizens and bloggers said, "My iPhone uses 338G of native space++939G of cloud hosting … Do you tell me that 128G is enough?" "If I didn’t use it myself, I would really believe it." "Do you want to face it, 128 to 256 plus 1000 yuan, or ask someone to buy cloud hosting? Can the experience of cloud hosting be the same as that of a large flash memory space?" Wait a minute.

It is understood that the price of iPhone 15 128GB is 5,999 yuan, that of 256GB is 6,999 yuan, and that of 512GB is 8,999 yuan. On average, every 128GB of storage requires 1000 yuan.

How much storage space do you think is enough for your mobile phone? How much storage space does your mobile phone have now?

According to media voting, before the deadline, a total of 108,000 people voted, 48,000 people chose 256GB, 33,000 people chose 128GB, and 5,961 people chose 1TB.

Weekly quality report: nearly 40% of induction cookers failed to pass the sampling inspection, and some induction cookers were unable to withstand slight bumps.

  CCTV News:Induction cooker, also known as electromagnetic cooker, has the characteristics of small size, fast heating and no open flame, and has become one of the daily appliances used by thousands of households. However, the national supervision and spot check on the product quality of this product shows that it is such a household appliance with a very high penetration rate that four out of every ten products are unqualified.

  Nearly 40% of electromagnetic stoves are unqualified.

  The reporter learned from the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine that this year’s national supervision and spot check on the quality of electromagnetic stoves has ended, and the test results show that the quality problems of electromagnetic stoves produced in China are not optimistic at present.

  Miao Yuchen, Director of Product Quality Supervision Department of AQSIQ:We organized a total of 48 batches of electromagnetic stoves produced by 48 enterprises in Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces to carry out national supervision and spot checks. After inspection, 19 batches of products were unqualified.

  According to the statistics of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, in the first half of this year, the state supervised and spot-checked 41 kinds of products, mainly involving 2,674 batches of products in seven categories closely related to consumers, such as electronic appliances, daily use and textiles, building materials and light industry, of which 250 batches were unqualified, with an overall unqualified rate of 9.3%. However, 19 of the 48 batches of electromagnetic stove products in this spot check were unqualified, and the unqualified rate was as high as 39.6%, which was more than four times that of the products in the first half of the year supervised by the state. According to the reporter’s understanding, the electromagnetic stove has therefore become the product with the lowest qualified rate among the 41 products supervised and randomly selected by the state in the first half of this year.

  Miao Yuchen, Director of Product Quality Supervision Department of AQSIQ:The problems found in spot checks involve abnormal work, energy efficiency grade, mechanical strength, electromagnetic compatibility and other items, among which the unqualified electromagnetic compatibility index is more prominent.

  The National General Electronic Components and Products Quality Supervision and Inspection Center, located in China Saibao Laboratory, is one of the testing institutions that undertake the national pumping task of electromagnetic stoves. The reporter learned here that according to the relevant national standards and norms, the inspection items of electromagnetic stoves can be divided into three parts.

  Chen Jun, Director of Home Appliances Room of Quality Inspection Center of China Saibao Laboratory:The first part is the electrical safety requirements of products, which are consistent with the testing standards of compulsory product certification in China and are the basic safety requirements of products. The second part is the energy efficiency grade of products, including thermal efficiency and standby power consumption, which is the basic energy efficiency requirement of induction cooker products in China. The third part is the electromagnetic compatibility of products, including terminal disturbance voltage and electromagnetic radiation disturbance.

  Testers told reporters that the electrical safety, energy efficiency rating and electromagnetic compatibility of electromagnetic cookers actually cover 19 items such as protection against touching live parts, abnormal work, mechanical strength, energy efficiency rating and electromagnetic radiation disturbance. In this spot check, as many as seven items failed.

  Then, what impact will these unqualified items have on consumers’ use of electromagnetic stoves? Will it harm the personal safety of users?

  Some electromagnetic cookers can’t stand a slight bump.

  During the investigation, the inspector told the reporter that for the electromagnetic cooker, which is a household appliance that must carry other items when it is used, the durability of the stressed microcrystalline panel is the basic requirement. The inspection item of mechanical strength is to specifically check whether the structure and shell of the electromagnetic stove can withstand the knock and impact that may occur during use.

  Zhou Shuisheng, Electrical Appliance Room Engineer of Quality Inspection Center of China Saibao Laboratory:According to the national standard, we use this spring impact hammer to impact every weak position on the panel for three times, and the impact energy is 0.5 Joule, so it is required that the panel of the induction cooker cannot be damaged after the impact test.

  The reporter noticed that during the inspection, this microcomputer-based induction cooker named BT220 produced by Zhongshan Pentium Electric Appliance Co., Ltd. had obvious cracks on the microcrystalline panel after three consecutive impacts. According to the inspector, the rupture of the microcrystalline panel of the electromagnetic stove not only affects the normal use, but also may cause personal injury to consumers, and even lead to the risk of electric shock.

  Zhou Shuisheng, Electrical Appliance Room Engineer of Quality Inspection Center of China Saibao Laboratory:The panel of this induction cooker is cracked, resulting in many cracks. Then these cracks will destroy the overall insulation system of the induction cooker and reduce the safe distance between the human body and the live parts. Then the user may be scratched by the edges of these cracks in the induction cooker during the subsequent use, and may also get an electric shock, which is dangerous. According to the national standards, this induction cooker is a seriously unqualified product.

  The reporter learned in the interview that in addition to safety, when most consumers buy electromagnetic stoves, the most important thing is whether to save electricity. Therefore, the grade of energy efficiency has become an important index to evaluate the quality of electromagnetic stoves.

  Mo Yanting, Electrical Appliance Room Engineer, Quality Inspection Center of China Saibao Laboratory:All domestic electromagnetic cookers need to have china energy label. The energy efficiency label will classify the product’s energy efficiency level, in which the first level is the best and most energy-saving, and the third level is the most basic requirement.

  According to professionals, according to the national mandatory standard "Limits and Levels of Energy Efficiency of Household Electromagnetic Cookers", the energy efficiency level includes two indicators: thermal efficiency and standby power. Thermal efficiency is a specific quantitative index for electromagnetic cookers to convert electric energy into effective thermal energy. For electromagnetic cookers with rated power greater than 1200W, thermal efficiency can be divided into three levels: not less than 90%, not less than 88% and not less than 86%. The higher the thermal efficiency, the higher the energy utilization rate, and the more energy-saving the product. The corresponding energy efficiency level is also higher.

  Mo Yanting, Electrical Appliance Room Engineer, Quality Inspection Center of China Saibao Laboratory:Although the thermal efficiency is not the safety performance index that directly affects personal safety, such as electric shock prevention and fire prevention, it is closely related to the people’s money bags. Assuming that the electromagnetic stove at home consumes more electricity every time it heats a pot of water, the people will pay more money and cause unnecessary waste over time.

  The virtual standard energy efficiency grade of a small number of electromagnetic stoves

  Saving money and electricity affects the purchasing tendency of some consumers. Therefore, in order to cater to consumers’ psychology, some enterprises do not make efforts to improve product quality, but make up their minds on energy efficiency labeling, falsely marking product energy efficiency grades.

  Mo Yanting, Electrical Appliance Room Engineer, Quality Inspection Center of China Saibao Laboratory:Among the 48 batches of electromagnetic stove products that we randomly selected this time, the energy efficiency grade of six batches of electromagnetic stoves failed to meet the requirements. One batch was standby power, which exceeded its specified value, while the other five batches failed to reach its nominal value of thermal efficiency. The most serious product was a product with a nominal thermal efficiency of 88%, while the measured thermal efficiency was only 85.1%. Can’t even reach the most basic level 3.

  The reporter noticed that this product marked with energy efficiency grade 2, but the measured value can’t even reach grade 3, is an electromagnetic stove with the name of Suochi brand PS-22 produced by Guixiang Electric Appliance Co., Ltd., Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province. The remaining five batches of products with unqualified energy efficiency grades are respectively labeled as:

  HW-22 electromagnetic cooker produced by Hawang Electric Appliance Co., Ltd., Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province;

  An electromagnetic cooker of model YW20A-301 produced by Yongwang Electric Appliance Industry Co., Ltd. in Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province;

  The VK-20C80E electromagnetic cooker produced by Weiwang Daily Electric Appliance Co., Ltd., Foshan City, Guangdong Province;

  SJ-20KB electromagnetic cooker produced by Guangdong Shiji Electric Appliance Industry Co., Ltd.;

  DP22 electromagnetic cooker produced by dongfeng town Hamada Electric Appliance Factory, Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province.

  The virtual standard energy efficiency of electromagnetic stoves is mostly to cover up Jerry-building.

  Professionals told reporters that the energy efficiency rating items of electromagnetic cookers are unqualified. On the surface, it seems that manufacturers falsely label product parameters, but in essence it covers up the bad behavior of some enterprises to cut corners in order to reduce production costs.

  Mo Yanting, Electrical Appliance Room Engineer of China Saibao Laboratory:One of the factors that affect the thermal efficiency of electromagnetic cookers is the coil disk. In order to save costs, some manufacturers often have obvious differences in material selection. Now we can compare it. You see, this is a qualified product. Its coil disk has a thick wire diameter and a very close distance, so the heating effect of this coil disk is very good and energy-saving. Looking at another unqualified product in this spot check, we can see that its wire diameter is only half of that of the previous one, and the distance between the rollers is loose. You see that the tip of this screwdriver is going in, and the heating effect of this coil disk is relatively low. Next, let’s look at another one with worse thermal efficiency. This wire diameter is obviously thinner and the distance is looser, and the screwdriver can pass through it easily and casually. The thermal efficiency of such products is definitely not high, and it can’t meet the requirements of energy efficiency grade at all.

  Whether it is the protection against touching live parts, the firmness of microcrystalline panels, or the coils that affect thermal efficiency, careful consumers can more or less see some tricks through careful observation. But for the electromagnetic cooker, there are some security risks, because of its special closed structure, which can neither be seen nor touched, so the potential harm is even greater. Continue to watch our program.

  The annual output of electromagnetic cookers in China exceeds 30 million sets.

  The reporter learned in the interview that the world’s first household electromagnetic stove was born in Germany in 1957 and entered China in the late 1980s. Because there are many advantages such as no open flame, no smoke and dust, easy to use and so on, the electromagnetic stove is quickly recognized by consumers. At present, there are more than 500 enterprises producing electromagnetic stoves in China, with an annual output of more than 30 million units.

  Chen Jun, Director of Home Appliances Room of Quality Inspection Center of China Saibao Laboratory:At present, the industry of induction cookers is mainly concentrated in Guangdong and Zhejiang provinces, including Shunde and Zhongshan in Guangdong, where more than 80% of enterprises are located.

  The rapid development of electromagnetic stoves has attracted the attention of relevant regulatory authorities, and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine has listed electromagnetic stoves as national supervision and spot check products for seven consecutive years. However, compared with the pass rate of spot checks in the past seven years, the reporter noticed an abnormal phenomenon, that is, the pass rate of national supervision and spot checks of electromagnetic stoves was not less than 80% for four consecutive years from 2011 to 2014, but by 2015, this value fell off a cliff and plummeted to 7.7%; After that, it rebounded slightly in 2016, accounting for 28.8%. The qualified rate of 48 samples selected this year was 60.4%. They are all electromagnetic cookers, but why does the qualified rate of national supervision and spot check on product quality fluctuate so much?

  Miao Yuchen, Director of Product Quality Supervision Department of AQSIQ:In 2015, we added two indicators of electromagnetic compatibility and energy efficiency grade for the first time, and checked 78 batches of products, 72 of which were unqualified, so the main problem focused on electromagnetic compatibility.

   In the survey, professionals told reporters that almost all electrical equipment will send out electromagnetic harassment signals when working. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) means that when electrical equipment is working, the signals generated will neither interfere with other electrical equipment nor be interfered by other electrical equipment, so as to ensure that all equipment can work normally and be compatible with each other. For electromagnetic cookers, there are two kinds of electromagnetic disturbance signals: those transmitted to the power grid through power lines are called conduction disturbance, and those emitted through space are called radiation disturbance. In the standard, terminal disturbance voltage and electromagnetic radiation disturbance items are used to assess respectively.

  Shao E, Engineer of EMC Room, Quality Inspection Center of China Saibao Laboratory:What is the essence of terminal disturbance voltage test? The induction cooker works, and when it works, your induction cooker takes electricity from the power grid. After work, some electromagnetic interference signals will be emitted to the power grid. This electromagnetic interference signal, it is all on the power grid. If your other electrical equipment, such as washing machine, air conditioner, TV set, all other electrical equipment and household electrical equipment, are hung on the power grid, you may receive the interference signal generated by the induction cooker, resulting in some faults. For example, it is possible that the washing machine just mentioned is interrupted and the TV set is short-circuited.

   The reporter saw in the laboratory that this logo is calledAn electromagnetic cooker of model YW20A-301 produced by Yongwang Electric Appliance Industry Co., Ltd., Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province.When testing, the terminal disturbance voltage obviously exceeds the limit specified by the national standard.

  Shao E, Engineer of EMC Room, Quality Inspection Center of China Saibao Laboratory:The red line above represents a quasi-peak value limit stipulated by the national standard, the red line below is an average value limit stipulated by the national standard, and the blue line and pink line at the bottom are the results of our test of this sample, which respectively represent that the blue line is a peak value and the pink line is an average value. From this result, it can be seen that these frequency points have obviously exceeded the limit requirements stipulated by the national standard, so from this test result,

  Some electromagnetic cookers are not designed properly.

  The inspector told the reporter that the electromagnetic stove terminal disturbance voltage project was unqualified, mainly because the electromagnetic compatibility design of the product was unreasonable. The reporter noticed that as many as 17 of the 48 samples of the electromagnetic stove were unqualified in the terminal disturbance voltage test. This is also the highest unqualified item among all the 19 inspection items of the electromagnetic stove. Followed by another test item of electromagnetic compatibility: electromagnetic radiation disturbance, 14 unqualified samples, only 3 less than the unqualified number of terminal disturbance voltage test. Among them, the nominal name is:

  Model J-C electromagnetic cooker produced by Jieliou Electric Appliance Co., Ltd., Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province;

  The electromagnetic cooker with the model IC-A2102 produced by Guangdong Taikoo Electric Technology Co., Ltd.;

  The model SYG-22 electromagnetic cooker produced by Songyangge Electric Appliance Technology Co., Ltd., Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province13 batches of samples, such as electromagnetic compatibility, terminal disturbance voltage and electromagnetic radiation disturbance, were unqualified.

  The failure rate of the two items of EMC inspection far exceeds that of other inspection items. Why?

  With the further investigation, the reporter learned that before 2015, the two national mandatory standards, Safety of Household and Similar Electrical Appliances and Energy Efficiency Limits and Energy Efficiency Grades of Household Electromagnetic Cookers, which were the basis for electromagnetic cooker products testing, did not involve electromagnetic compatibility testing. In January, 2015, the national mandatory standard "Limits and Measurement Methods of Disturbance Characteristics of Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) RF Equipment" was officially implemented, which clearly stipulated that electromagnetic cookers, microwave ovens and other appliances were applicable to this standard, so the national supervision and spot check of electromagnetic cookers in that year included electromagnetic compatibility in the inspection scope for the first time. However, two years later, the reporter found that there are still many electromagnetic stove manufacturers who turn a blind eye to the EMC test of their products. In the investigation, the reporter noticed a detail. All the 48 samples in this spot check were marked as meeting the national use safety standards and energy efficiency standards, but none of the products were marked as meeting the national electromagnetic compatibility standards.

  Chen Jun, Director of Home Appliances Room of China Saibao Laboratory:Some enterprises may not fully understand this requirement of electromagnetic compatibility, and think that it is not a requirement of compulsory certification of this product, so they do not produce products according to this standard, which leads to the product not meeting the requirements.

  Professionals believe that electromagnetic cookers are products in China’s 3C compulsory certification catalogue, that is to say, 3C certification is the basic threshold for electromagnetic cookers to go on sale. In view of the fact that manufacturers generally ignore EMC projects at present, it is suggested that relevant departments revise the implementation rules of 3C certification of electromagnetic stove products in time, and bring the national standards related to electromagnetic compatibility into the scope of 3C certification, so as to promote enterprises to better understand and implement the standards and further improve product quality.

  Experts said that the radiation power of induction cooker mainly depends on the leakage value of electromagnetic wave of induction cooker, and the greater the leakage, the greater the impact on users. Although there is no sufficient factual basis to prove that the radiation of induction cooker is harmful to human body, it is obvious that the lower the electromagnetic leakage level, the better the safety of products with lower radiation disturbance level. Therefore, it is safe and reliable for consumers to choose to buy induction cooker products that meet national standards.

  (CCTV reporter Wang Jun)

New issue of Reading | Wang Yifang: Welfare of Disease

Original Wang Yifang reading magazine

editorial comment/note

Diseases, especially malignant diseases, are hard to avoid in everyone’s life. The author advocates that when this happens, we should still be optimistic, and at this moment, the society should be equipped with a channel of "hospice care" to effectively improve the quality of life of patients. This is an appeal for "hospice care", which is a relatively missing part of our national medical system and deserves attention from all sides.

Welfare of disease

Wen | Wang Yifang

(The third issue of Reading in 2024)

When talking about the welfare of diseases, people will naturally bypass the disease itself and point to the miracle of modern medical care or the increasingly perfect insurance system. In fact, without disease and suffering, medical benefits will not be born automatically, and the love and care parallel to medical benefits will be eclipsed. This is clearly a kind of "paper clip effect" welfare. The initial port can be traced back to the independent reflection and collective response of diseases. If we glance into the deep well of philosophy, it is a reflection and awe of patients’ subjectivity.

Hospice Care (Source: stchristophers.org.uk)

It was an American community doctor who first made me understand this bitter philosophy. More than 20 years ago, I visited the United States. On the way, I suffered from a bad cold, fever, cough and sore throat, and I was sore all over. So, I hurried to choose a doctor for treatment. The general practitioner, who was nearly half a century old, enthusiastically accepted me. After some consultation, he didn’t prescribe medicine for me. His belief was that the common cold didn’t need to take medicine, and he humorously told me that "take medicine for seven days, don’t take medicine for a week", just take a full rest and strengthen nursing. He explained the reasons in detail. The common cold symptoms are serious but not dangerous, and it is a self-healing disease, except It also urged the patient to review his lifestyle. More interestingly, he also talked to me about "Aesthetics of cold". Although the course of a cold is not long, the patient’s identity has shaped the image of the sick and weak who are cared for, cared for and loved, won an opportunity to feel sorry for themselves (be kind to themselves), and allowed relatives and friends to fully express their love (care for others). Sure enough, during my week of illness, I was cared for by my colleagues and friends, and my heart was full of love. This also reminds me of the deep association of disease welfare. It seems that the word "welfare" can be divided and analyzed. Happiness is a blessing and a benefit. However, in the concept of China people, happiness and misfortune are interdependent, with mutual interests and full of dialectics.

Perhaps it is too common to talk about a cold, and it is not easy to attract people’s attention. If you change a cold into a tumor and change it into a malignant cancer, will you feel the same? Obviously, the mood will be heavier and more shattered. If readers inadvertently type "aizheng" on the keyboard, there will be "being punished" on the computer screen at the same time as "cancer", which means that cancer equals being punished. In susan sontag’s Metaphor of Disease, cancer is labeled as a modern devil, ranking first in the disease spectrum and death spectrum. Nearly ten million people die of malignant tumors every year in the world. For such a number one malignant disease, people avoid it, sigh, and talk about welfare. Isn’t it deliberate to find a flat? Actually, there are two sides to everything, and so are tumors. First of all, tumor is just a "different fruit" that grows after the loopholes in human immune system appear, just like the "crooked melon and cracked jujube" in nature, which is closely related to the aging process of human beings. However, a few days ago, an academic report by Academician Cheng Shujun made me feel refreshed. The report cited a group of elderly people who were over 80 years old. They were complacent and enjoyed their life, but in the autopsy, they found that 60% of the deceased had "prostate cancer", which they didn’t know before their death. This is the so-called "lazy cancer" phenomenon. Its natural growth cycle is long, even exceeding the natural life span, but it only proliferates slowly without making a mess. Therefore, a familiar oncologist often teases patients with slow progress of prostate cancer: "Congratulations, you have snail cancer." As for cancer, Academician Fan Daiming, who is the chairman of China Anti-Cancer Association, has some strange ideas. In his eyes,Cancer cells are the "revolutionary party" in the body. In the process of aging, weakness, atrophy, degradation, and even exhaustion and decline, cancer cells are changing locally, inspiring a new atmosphere of proliferation, expansion, prosperity and transfer. This is clearly a retrograde force of "rejuvenation". The problem lies in their "crazy" growth and breaking the internal ecology, which leads to physical harm.

Susan sontag and Henri Cartier-Bresson were filmed in 1972 (Source: Beijing News)

Metaphor of Disease, by susan sontag, translated by Cheng Wei, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 2020 (Source: dangdang.com).

Unfortunately, the balance technology of connivance-controlling the growth of cancer cells has not yet come out, and more patients are tortured by crazy and barbaric growth of cancer cells and die young. This is the harsh cancer world. If so, it is obviously inappropriate for me to explore the welfare of diseases under the cruel aesthetic situation. But it’s not that no one dares to think and say. Susan sontag, who has suffered from cancer twice, is such a brave man who dares to face up to the suffering of cancer. She tells the world that it is the existence of cancer that reveals people’s "dual nationality", that is, they are citizens of the health kingdom and the disease kingdom, rather than absolutely healthy people or patients. Everyone is so-called "healthy with illness". Even if they do not suffer from such a malignant disease as cancer, they may be patients with one disease or another but not diagnosed, or linger in "disease" Don’t fantasize that after a serious illness, you should rely on high consumption and high technology mastered by a famous doctor to save yourself from danger, but you should always maintain a good lifestyle, avoid all kinds of risk factors, intervene in time when you are sick at the end of the disease, and refuse the evil disease from the "Xiao Qiang".

However, with the development of modern medicine, it seems that human beings have no magic to resist all sufferings, including cancer that makes the body and mind tremble. The dice of suffering in God’s hands will eventually be thrown out. The arrival of evil diseases is the fate of life, and someone needs to bear it. With the advent of the age of longevity, the probability of suffering from cancer and other malignant diseases is still rising, even young people are not spared, and they need to be psychologically prepared to meet the malignant diseases. The talented boy who died young wrote proudly, especially in dealing with cancer: "God is going to send a golden tumor to a person, and to whom?" He is afraid that timid people can’t support it, and he is afraid that strong people will bear it flatly, so he will give it to an optimistic person, and those who are optimistic and have no aftertaste will just give it to me. I am beyond everything! " In the face of human suffering, we really need a superman who chews pain like this and then transcends it. Nevertheless, modern medicine should also design a spiritual soothing journey of "arrival of love" and "redemption of suffering" for cancer and other malignant diseases besides coming back to life, so that they can "step on thorns, feel no pain, have tears to shed, and are not sad" (Bing Xin: Send a Letter to a Little Reader), which can be regarded as an ultimate pursuit for cancer patients in pain. It is a set of "holistic pain" for cancer patients, highlighting the value of care and creating a dignified and quality survival and life plan. This scheme, once known as palliative care, began in 1967, marked by the British nurse Sanders.Dame Cicely Saunders established a hospice ward in St Christopher’s Hospital in south London, which started the modern hospice movement. Julia M. Addington-Hall, Saunders’ successor and the current director of the hospice care unit of St. Christopher’s Hospital, co-authored with Irene Higginson, and Li Xiaomei, Zhu Ping, Li Fan and Liu Duanluan led 46 elite colleagues in the hospice care industry in China to jointly translate (to adapt to the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary characteristics of the book) the book palliative care for non-cancer patients. It describes the difficult course of hospice care concept and action advocated by Saunders from initial germination to worldwide popularity, and also describes the difficult butterfly change of hospice palliative care from exclusive service for cancer patients to universal benefit for all chronic patients (such as heart, lung, liver and kidney failure, severe blood diseases, gradual freezing and other neurodegenerative diseases, AIDS, serious and rare diseases of children and adolescents). After reading this book, people will deeply feel that the opening, construction and perfection of modern hospice and palliative medical system are the greatest medical benefits born of cancer and chronic diseases.

British nurse Saunders who established the hospice ward (Source: stchristophers.org.uk)

Palliative care for non-cancer patients, by Julia and Irene, translated by Li Xiaomei and Zhu Ping, Science Press, 2023 (Source: dangdang.com).

In the initial hospice ward, there were mainly patients with advanced cancer, who suffered from physical and mental pain, shivering in the eyes of death and crying to the sky. The focus of palliative care is no longer to exterminate cancer cells, but to dispel physical and mental pain, gain insight into the end-of-life counseling of death, and improve the dignity and quality of life. People often say that the highest state of life is "come crying (be born) and go laughing (die)", but it is not easy to really be on the cliff of life and death without shaking your feet. In the late stage of cancer, it is a narrow road to meet death. just visiting, who heard the footsteps of death approaching, must pierce the window paper as soon as possible, so that patients and their relatives can accept the unexpected encounter of death. Montaigne, a French writer who was tortured to death by lithiasis, once said heroically: It is better to stop and invite death to drink a cup of bitter wine than to be chased by death.

Ten years ago, the authoritative website of British Medical Journal published a wonderful article entitled "Death from cancer is the best death". The author is Richard Smith, the former editor-in-chief of the journal. Compared with the mentality of ordinary people talking about cancer discoloration (in essence, talking about death discoloration), his views are shocking. Because compared with sudden death without saying goodbye, cancer death may be more elegant, and it is a death benefit exclusively for cancer patients. From diagnosis to death, there is at least three months, and most people have a buffer period of more than one year. It is a prepared death, and there is enough time to arrange their last time, wave goodbye to my relatives, say goodbye in heaven and reflect on life. Leave your last words to your family and friends, and maybe you will have time to go to your favorite place, read some favorite poems, listen to your favorite music, and make all the preparations for the last moment. In Smith’s view, romantic death is love, morphine (powerful analgesic) and good wine, instead of forcing ambitious oncologists to waste a lot of money trying to cure cancer, which will make cancer death worse. The most terrible death is the kind of life that depends on modern medical technology, the kind of endless lingering. In the name of Hippocrates, doctors created one of the most exquisite and elegant tortures for human beings: the delay of slow illness and slow death.

Richard smith, former editor-in-chief of British Medical Journal.

Hospice palliative care, also known as hospice care, is a shift of attention, concern, care and clinical work focus between doctors and relatives, from coping with diseases to coping with pain, including symptomatic solutions to physical pain: pain relief, cough relief, antiemesis, itching relief, spasmolysis and asthma relief, nursing of fever, swelling reduction, skin bedsore and oral ulcer, improvement of weak nutrition, and community situation and emergency situation. The list of work is detailed in the book, which is not only of guiding value to occupational medical care, but also of guiding significance to the family members (that is, non-professional caregivers) who are taking care of at home. It also introduces the life care of the whole person’s pain and the spiritual comfort method of parting. At this time, although life cannot be healed, life can be respected, inquired and cared for, giving new meaning to life. The transfer of hospice care purpose brings about the change and adjustment of ideas. The object of intervention is not just a simple body, but a whole person; Intervention means are not just medicine, injections and surgery, but stories and narratives, music and drama, life review and reconstruction of life meaning. Clinical thinking is no longer confined to the intervention of biotechnology, but extends to life care, individual dignity and quality of life. What is worth cherishing is the discussion of ethical topics in hospice care, especially the problem of fairness and justice in the allocation of medical resources, and the detailed discussion of social, cultural and psychological projection of various symptoms in hospice care and cross-cultural care, which not only broadens the field of vision, but also closely follows the practice, and the content is not empty or informal.

Undoubtedly, cancer is only one of many chronic diseases. Human beings have entered the era of chronic diseases because of their super longevity. Its basic feature is that medicine and medical treatment are experiencing unprecedented incompetence, powerlessness, ineffectiveness and helplessness. First of all, more and more chronic diseases are treated, and the war model of diagnosis and treatment fails. The pathogenic factors (enemies) are not limited to external bacteria and viruses, but more are internal life stalls, immune out of control, dysfunction, psychological disorder, loss of value, weightlessness of soul, and life out of focus-frustration. It is necessary to get out of the trenches and put down fighting thinking; Secondly, the course of chronic diseases is getting longer and longer, and the alternative model of diagnosis and treatment (technical survival) encounters the dilemma of high cost, low quality of life, maintenance of physical function and mental decline; Third, the disease is becoming more and more difficult, and the medical performance is declining (ineffective medical treatment is obvious): quick cure and quick recovery to slow cure and slow recovery, and then to no cure and no recovery, from quick death (sudden death) to slow death (relying on a complicated life support system to survive), and then to neither death nor life (unconscious, dignified and quality-free survival); Fourthly, the body-mind-society-spirit representation of the disease is becoming more and more stereoscopic, and the role of the doctor is changing silently, from the rescuer to the companion, comforter and witness, bidding farewell to the obsession of never giving up, moving towards the acceptance and openness of death, ending the dependence and moving towards a good death (a good death); Fifth, psychological, social and spiritual weights are getting heavier and heavier, and medical intervention is turning, from drugs and scalpels to language, picture books (life and death narration) and music (looking back at youth and looking forward to heaven) to realize psychological comfort (consciousness) and spiritual comfort (liberation); Sixth,The purpose of medicine is changing quietly, from safety and well-being to tranquility, serenity and settlement, concluding the legacy of love, turning cold death into warm love arrival, and realizing both life and death in farewell, love, apology, thanks and love.

Hospice care at St. Christopher’s Hospital (Source: stchristophers.org.uk)

Hospice care at St. Christopher’s Hospital (Source: stchristophers.org.uk)

Regarding the evolution of the concept of hospice care in the era of chronic diseases, there are some basic principles worth spreading and letting the world know and agree. First of all, the irreversible process of life failure and death can only be alleviated by any medical intervention, but it can’t be cured. There is a huge gap between it and the reversible disease, the psychological expectation that it can regain vitality and reach rehabilitation through intervention. The pathological features of aging and the end of life are the degeneration of organs, tissues and cells, rather than alienation and disproportionation, which are mainly manifested in functional degeneration, behavioral withdrawal and intellectual degeneration, leading to disorder, disability, amnesia, loss of emotion and will, loss of personality and dignity. Modern medicine prides itself on the failure of the war model of etiology control and the substitute model of functional improvement, and the palliative, tranquil and palliative medical model appears. Secondly, there is a huge gap between physical pain and the core of human pain. Pain is not pain, and pain relief is not soothing. The primary intervention of hospice care is full analgesia (symptomatic treatment). Its advanced intervention is caring: attention, concern, concern and empathy, which is the psychological decompression of the concentration of talking and listening. You say it, I am listening carefully, and I have had this pain experience … Advocating a dialogue between doctors and patients on pain experience. Thirdly, healing is not dignity, and the primary goal of hospice care is to pursue etiological improvement, while the advanced goal is to safeguard the life dignity of patients and help patients and their families rediscover the meaning of life. Fourthly, in the end-stage palliative care, the dual-track paradigm of technology and humanities and the simple paradigm of technical intervention are judged. Here, treatment is no longer killing and repairing.It is caring and caring, and its primary vision is to focus on disinfection and repair. Etiology, pathogenesis and symptomatic treatment can eliminate the cause and restore disability, but they cannot cope with dementia, frustration, disqualification and disrespect. The advanced vision of treatment is to focus on the improvement of the whole person’s situation and quality of life, and to implement the whole person’s care and care. Fifth, there are many cognitive biases in the end-stage physical and mental intervention. Psychological intervention is not spiritual comfort, the former is the relief of psychological symptoms and the dilution of negative psychological motivation, and the latter is spiritual comfort and the ultimate care. Sixth, there are also cognitive misunderstandings in the process and meaning of death. Physical death is not the whole person’s death (which can’t cover sociological death), and mortuary is not the end of life journey. The early task of death counseling is to face the warning and interpretation of death crisis, and the later task is to recognize the meaning of death, maintain tension between refusing death and accepting death, controlling death and excessive intervention, and help patients and their families to be open-minded about life and death and conclude a legacy of love. Finally, communication between doctors and patients in palliative care is not doctor-patient communication. Communication training only increases the affinity of communication between doctors and patients and nurses through language improvement, while communication training expands the depth and abundance of communication between doctors and patients and nurses through empathy training, integrates into patients’ life and life experience, and improves the quality of life.

In the hospice care unit, doctors and nurses have to deal with all kinds of complicated difficulties at the end of their lives. Traditional medicines, needles and scalpels are of course important, but they also need the devotion of humanity and the nourishment of humanity, including companionship, witness, comfort and settlement. Among them, companionship and witness are the advanced circumstances of care. Doctors and nurses are not only present, but also their personality charm brings hope and human light to patients and experiences "being with angels" (tasting divinity). Medical care witnesses the existence of a weak life and the suffering of a vicious disease. "I know that you are suffering, I can touch and feel your suffering, and I can pay attention to and understand how difficult it is for you now." It is not difficult to imagine that patients and elders are often trapped in emotional loneliness, language loneliness and meaning loneliness because of the sharp contraction of social relations, and feel that they will become "lonely souls and wild ghosts", and they will live without belief support. At this time, they need more determined eyes, loving language and body language to secretly deliver life energy (empowerment). Comfort in palliative care is often a miraculous force, just like the spring breeze blowing the body and mind, which is carried out at four levels: first, physical comfort, such as hugging and touching the forehead, managing the living situation, trimming the margins (haircut, shaving, bathing, changing underwear), recovering life confidence and identity and dignity; The second is language comfort: intimate words, private words, life course review and dignity therapy; Third, psychological comfort, dissolve the psychological knot, and call back distant family ties; Fourth, spiritual comfort, life education, suffering, death counseling, dignity and belief therapy, and reconciliation with nature and the world after death. Undoubtedly,Care at the end of life is a systematic project that constantly updates its connotation, and needs multiple coordination and support. First, it is the four-all cognition of peaceful care, that is, to establish the thinking of caring for the whole family, community, general practitioner, team and whole process; Secondly, it is the support of blood and affection to overcome the companionship fatigue of "no dutiful son before a long hospital bed"; Third, the social and emotional support beyond consanguinity (empathy and empathy), to maximize the mobilization of social workers and volunteers to participate in hospice care; Fourth, the professional value support of hospice care team, such as constructing continuous professional behavior driven by virtue and bioethics, overcoming empathic exhaustion and job burnout; Fifth, caring financial support, overcoming the utilitarian thinking of curative effect. At present, patients and their families generally have the psychology of giving up without hope of healing, unwilling to spend money to improve their dignity and quality of life, and long-term care consumes limited health insurance and medical resources, which is difficult to guarantee continuously; Sixth, social care financing: internationally, there is a dichotomy, that is, medical insurance and long-term care insurance are operated separately, and the resources for etiological treatment are gradually transferred to caring resources for hospice care.

Hospice care in China (source: baidu. com)

Hospice care in China (source: baidu. com)

In all fairness, China’s hospice care is still in a difficult climbing stage, with technical and resource bottlenecks easily broken and concept and system bottlenecks hard to get rid of. Nowadays, not only patients with terminal cancer have not fully entered the hospice palliative medical channel, but also dare not expect non-cancer patients to enjoy the welfare of hospice care. However, the frame and road map of hospice and palliative care carefully described by Julia and Irene are very detailed, and the road signs and objectives are very clear, which undoubtedly adds confidence and strength to our future journey of hospice and palliative care. I think that as long as the whole society really pays attention to death as the "terminal welfare" of life, there will be showers of wealth and wisdom coming simultaneously, which will moisten the hospice and ease the medical cause and make it a towering tree.

Let’s hope that this day will come soon.

(palliative care for non-cancer patients, by Julia and Irene, translated by Li Xiaomei and Zhu Ping, presided by Li Fan and Liu Duanmao, Science Press, 2023).

 

Original title: The New Issue of Reading | Wang Yifang: Welfare of Diseases

Read the original text

Lei Bai 2020 Excellent Agents Cooperation Exchange and Commendation Conference was successfully held.

Go ahead with a sharp edge and open up the market. Lei Bai 2020 Excellent Agents Cooperation, Exchange and Commendation Conference was held in Shenzhen on January 8, 2020. Mr. Ceng Hao, Chairman and General Manager of Shenzhen Lei Bai Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Ms. Yu Xin, Executive Vice President, and Ma Xu, Senior Vice President, attended the meeting and laid out the future with a forward-looking vision with excellent agents from all over the country.
Stick to the initial heart, break the situation and innovate, and achieve win-win growth.
With the transparent and smooth communication mechanism, in 2019, Lei Bai continued to consolidate the harmonious relationship of mutual trust and win-win with agents, and the brand always maintained its mainstream position among peers. The 2019 Lei Bai Science and Technology Excellent Agent Award was specially announced at the conference. Mr. Ceng Hao, Chairman and General Manager of Lei Bai Science and Technology, and Ms. Yu Xin, Executive Vice President, presented honorary certificates, honorary trophies and cash prizes of 100,000 yuan to the representatives of the award-winning agents, which showed that Lei Bai Science and Technology attached great importance to the agents.
Create value and share wealth. Treating each other with sincerity and sharing benefits is gratitude, affirmation and encouragement, and it also conveys the firm belief that Lei Bai will continue to grow stronger, stand together through thick and thin, and win the future with agents. Work together to stabilize the dominant position, and work together to create a new bureau.
Winner list of outstanding agents of Lei Bai Science and Technology in 2019 (in no particular order):
Shanghai kaixin industry co., ltd
Shenzhen leinengtong technology co., ltd
Fuzhou taijiang district zhanhao computer co., ltd
Shenzhen yidingfeng technology co., ltd
-Brand power-
"Integrated supply chain" strategy
Brand-new strategic thinking empowers channel sales. While actively deploying product offensive, in 2020, Lei Bai will comprehensively integrate and optimize the supply chain to achieve a win-win situation. This is a kind of soft power, but also a manifestation of comprehensive competitiveness. By controlling the information flow, logistics and capital flow, we can integrate, simplify and optimize the process, realize an efficient and collaborative supply chain service system in the whole process of design, technology, production, sales and service, reduce costs and improve efficiency, ensure product quality, and bring more competitive products and services to customers.
Brand as the key link, continuous construction. In 2020, Lei Bai will continue to increase market launch, further convey brand value and enhance brand height. Through a series of rhythmic and strategic innovation measures, we will help the brand to develop upwards, bring together a number of e-sports teams, show the passion and blood of new forces, and ensure that the brand will continue to maintain its competitiveness in a dynamic and rapidly changing market.
-Channel network-
Differentiate marketing and make a profit.
Under the new strategic mode, Lei Bai will optimize the production, sales and service of products and accelerate the circulation of products. Specifically, based on Lei Bai’s independent intelligence, systematic technical support and supply chain integration guarantee. Lei Bai will pay more attention to the advantages of online and offline channels, formulate differentiated products, provide differentiated preferential policies, meet personalized channel needs, and realize channel diversification and multi-channel.
Improve quality, reduce costs, make profits from channels, and pay close attention to the common development of channels and operations. Driven by multi-dimensions from single product to overall solution, from price to value, from product to service, and from concept to brand communication, Lei Bai will serve customers efficiently and quickly with a more professional attitude, and give the industry the best choice with a comprehensive and rich product line. Realize a truly healthy, profitable and sustainable channel win-win situation.
-Product offensive-
Break through innovation and subvert tradition
With sincere heart, Lei Bai has been established for nearly 13 years, and its product line has been fully expanded from the initial mouse and keyboard, covering office peripherals, game peripherals, audio peripherals, mobile peripherals and other fields.
When the driving force of consumption presents a diversified development trend and the market is becoming more and more detailed, how to deal with the challenges thrown by the changes of the times? Multi-mode connection in 2018, multi-device connection switching technology, "wireless connection"+"wireless charging" Gemini technology in 2019, and what brand-new strategic plan will Lei Bai face the market in 2020?
Accumulate thick and become a weapon, and seek far-reaching because of the situation. At the meeting, Lei Bai put forward the core strategy of "quality, precision and brand". Increase the launch of high-end series, promote the improvement of product structure, base on the present with strong lineup, innovative design language, cutting-edge interactive experience and flagship performance, break through the limitations, integrate design and technology into life insight through the diversity of boutique life, and redefine personalized user needs.
In 2020, walk with one heart and win-win results.
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