Ministry of Finance: In January, the national lottery sales reached 27.21 billion yuan, down 43.3% year-on-year.

  BEIJING, March 4 (Xinhua) The website of the Ministry of Finance today announced the national lottery sales in January 2020. Data show that in January, the national lottery sales totaled 27.210 billion yuan, a decrease of 20.745 billion yuan or 43.3% compared with the same period of last year. Compared with the same period of last year, the sales volume of lottery tickets in 31 provinces all declined.

Data Map: People buy lottery tickets. China News Agency issued Wei Liang photo

Data Map: People buy lottery tickets. China News Agency issued Wei Liang photo

  Data show that in January, the national lottery sales totaled 27.210 billion yuan, a decrease of 20.745 billion yuan or 43.3% compared with the same period of last year. Among them, the sales of welfare lottery institutions was 12.89 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 8.328 billion yuan or 39.3%. The sales of sports lottery institutions reached 14.32 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 12.416 billion yuan or 46.4%. The year-on-year decline in lottery sales in January was mainly due to the fact that the lottery was closed during the Spring Festival, and the policy impact of the decline in lottery sales caused by the adjustment of some game rules continued to appear. In January 2019, due to the influence of the Asian Cup, the sales of sports lottery quiz lottery games were large, and the base was high in the same period last year.

Image source: Ministry of Finance website

Image source: Ministry of Finance website

  In terms of sales of different types of lottery tickets, in January, the sales of lottery digital lottery tickets reached 14.969 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 9.918 billion yuan or 39.9%. The sales of quiz lottery tickets was 6.804 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 9.610 billion yuan or 58.5%. The sales of instant lottery tickets reached 2.777 billion yuan, up 593 million yuan or 27.1% year-on-year; The sales of video lottery tickets was 2.65 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 1.809 billion yuan or 40.6%. The sales of Keno lottery tickets was RMB 10 million, a year-on-year decrease of RMB 01 million or 7.8%. In January, the lottery sales of digital lottery, quiz lottery, instant lottery, video lottery and Keno lottery accounted for 54.9%, 25.0%, 10.2%, 9.8% and 0.1% of the total lottery sales respectively.

Image source: Ministry of Finance website

Image source: Ministry of Finance website

  In terms of lottery sales by region, in January, compared with the same period of last year, the lottery sales in 31 provinces all decreased, among which Jiangsu, Guangdong, Shandong, Zhejiang and Henan decreased more, with a year-on-year decrease of 1.937 billion yuan, 1.929 billion yuan, 1.808 billion yuan, 1.454 billion yuan and 1.166 billion yuan respectively.

  The Ministry of Finance said that financial departments at all levels and lottery agencies at all levels should conscientiously do a good job in lottery issuance and sales during epidemic prevention and control, further strengthen supervision, actively create a good external environment, maintain normal market order, and promote the healthy development of lottery.

What is the right tire pressure in winter?

In winter, the tire pressure adjustment of automobile tires should be based on the standard air pressure, and it should be appropriately raised by about 0.2bar to ensure driving safety.

Proper tire pressure is very important for automobile driving. Excessive tire pressure will reduce the friction and adhesion of tires, affect the braking effect, and may lead to steering wheel vibration and deviation, reducing driving comfort. At the same time, too high tire pressure will also accelerate the local wear of the central pattern of the tire and shorten the service life of the tire. In addition, too high tire pressure may also make the tire cord stretch and deform excessively, reduce the elasticity of the carcass, increase the load of the car while driving, and reduce the rolling resistance, thus increasing the risk of tire puncture.

On the other hand, too low tire pressure will also bring many problems. Too low tire pressure will increase the friction coefficient between the tire and the road surface, leading to an increase in fuel consumption. At the same time, too low tire pressure will make the steering wheel heavy and prone to deviation, which is not conducive to driving safety. In addition, too low tire pressure will also increase the amount of exercise in all parts of the tire, and excessive rolling will cause abnormal heating of the tire, reduce the functions of the cord and rubber, and cause damage such as delamination or cord breakage. In severe cases, too low tire pressure may also lead to a double increase in friction between the tire and the ground, a sharp increase in tire temperature, and a sharp decline in tire strength, which may eventually lead to a puncture.

Therefore, when adjusting the tire pressure of automobile tires in winter, the principle of standard air pressure and appropriate upward adjustment should be followed to ensure driving safety.

The day after the New Year’s Day holiday, Zhou Bianyou became the mainstream of travel.

 Sichuan News Network-First Screen News Chengdu December 31st (Reporter Dai Luling)On the second day of the New Year’s Day holiday in 2024, the reporter learned from the Sichuan Provincial Department of Culture and Tourism that as of 15: 00 on the 31st, 832 A-level scenic spots in the province had received 3,318,200 tourists, achieving a ticket income of 33,095,200 yuan, up by 25.2% and 49.66% respectively compared with yesterday, up by 71.85% and 99.66% respectively compared with the same caliber in the same period in 2023.
Five-year-level tourist attractions in the province (16 parks opened normally) received 249,700 tourists and realized ticket income of 9,466,800 yuan, up by 63.75% and 85.48% respectively compared with yesterday, and up by 111.75% and 97.78% respectively compared with the same caliber in the same period in 2023. Libraries, cultural centers and museums in the province received 684,500 people.
Zhou Bianyou has become the mainstream of New Year’s Day travel
On the second day of New Year’s Day holiday, cloudy days predominated in most parts of the province. Tourists mostly chose open scenic spots, ancient towns and museums near their homes, and go on road trip, family tours and parent-child tours became the mainstream. The top five scenic spots in the province are Chengdu Joy City (78,000 person-times), Luodai Ancient Town (71,000 person-times), Qionghai Lushan Scenic Area (63,500 person-times), Chengdu Shuangliu District Seaside City Scenic Area (59,000 person-times) and Chengdu Wuhou Temple Museum (57,900 person-times). The popularity of traveling in museums has not diminished, and the reservations for visiting Sanxingdui Museum and Chengdu Museum have reached the upper limit.
Ice and snow hot spring tour continues to be hot.
The ice and snow hot springs were sought after during New Year’s Day. The annual reception volume of Bipenggou Scenic Area exceeded the million mark for the first time today, and the number of tourists in Wawu Mountain Scenic Area reached the maximum carrying capacity. Hailuogou Scenic Area ushered in the reception peak (0.34 million person-times) after the earthquake, which was three times higher than yesterday. Among ski resorts, Emei Mountain Scenic Area (45,200 person-times), Bashan Grand Canyon Scenic Area (21,000 person-times), Zengjia Mountain Scenic Area (17,500 person-times), Bipenggou Scenic Area (17,400 person-times) and Xiling Snow Mountain Scenic Area (13,000 person-times) all exceeded 10,000 people, which promoted the "cold resources" to become a "hot economy". Among the hot spring scenic spots, the top three scenic spots are Luofu Mountain Scenic Area (17,700 person-times), Jiulongshan-Lutangshan Tourist Area (15,900 person-times) and Huashuiwan Hot Spring Resort Tourist Area (7,000 person-times).
All kinds of cultural tourism activities meet the needs of the masses
Local cultural and tourism departments and scenic spots have launched online and offline activities around the New Year, so that people can enjoy the feast of cultural tourism. Deyang City launched the New Year’s Eve activity of "Temple Fun, Leisure and Virtue", Nanchong City launched the New Year’s Eve activity of "Cultural Travel Consumption, Enjoy Nanchong", and Maoxian County held a cultural performance and a non-legacy market activity to welcome New Year’s Day, which not only met the needs of the masses but also effectively promoted holiday consumption. On New Year’s Eve, many theaters in Chengdu held New Year’s Eve concerts, Yibin held the 2024 Stars New Year’s Eve Concert, Zigong Fangte Dinosaur Kingdom held the theme activity of "Fangte Flying Snow New Year’s Eve", and Yingjing County launched the Taiji Park New Year Fireworks Show to welcome the New Year. Guangyuan Grottoes Research Institute innovatively launched the New Year’s Day live broadcast of "Grottoes in Guangyuan, Accompany You in the New Year’s Eve" to show the historical and cultural charm of grottoes during the New Year holiday.
Reporting/feedback

The special fund for film cultural heritage was established.

  The inaugural meeting of the special fund for social and cultural heritage was held in Shenzhen a few days ago. The fund will take "cultural heritage" as its main theme, and help China to inherit and develop its culture and spirit.

  At the conference site, Qi Guoqiang, director of the China Film Culture Heritage Special Fund, released a series of public welfare activities with the theme of film, culture and heritage, such as "The Little Inheritor of China Film Culture", "Youth Series Films" and the documentary about people’s interviews.

  According to Qi Guoqiang, in the future, the China Film Culture Heritage Special Fund will also take Luohu Loushang Cultural and Creative Industry Park as the base, take movies as the theme, and combine the elements of the times with the interests of young people to launch theme projects with cultural characteristics and modern flavor, such as master open classes, immersive experience halls, light and shadow time corridors, and film creative workshops, so as to build a cultural landmark with reputation and influence in Shenzhen.

NPC deputies talk about a happy new life after ex situ poverty alleviation and relocation.

  Colorful Guizhou Net News (report in front of the two sessions/Cheng Xi, Xiong Ying, Wu Di, Jinnitu/Yang Changding) On March 6, at the plenary meeting of the Guizhou delegation at the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress, Luo Yinghe, deputy to the National People’s Congress and secretary of the Party branch of Xinmin Community in Mengjiang Street, Huishui County, showed two contrasting photos, one was Luo Yinghe’s former home, a dilapidated wooden tile house in the mountains; The other is his new home in Huishui County. Brand-new five-story buildings are arranged on the spacious concrete roadside, and the word "Happy Building" on the white exterior wall is particularly eye-catching.

  Behind the two photos, Luo Yinghe and the villagers crossed the increasingly prosperous days. As a member of the 1.6 million relocated immigrants in Guizhou, Luo Yinghe said that after the relocation of poverty alleviation in different places, three obvious changes have taken place in the villagers around him.

  At the plenary session of the Guizhou delegation at the First Session of the 13th National People’s Congress, Luo Yinghe talked about three changes that have taken place around him since the relocation of poverty alleviation in different places.

  The family changed from "poverty" to "wealth" and moved into a new house one step at a time.

  Before the relocation, the village where Luo Ying lived was located in the "Three Mountains" areas of Mashan, Yaoshan and Yueliang Mountain, which were the poorest in Guizhou Province, and belonged to the "three impassability" zone with no water, no access and no communication.

  "At the beginning, like many people, I rushed to a township to buy some oil and salt. I had to get up early and get greedy, and I walked over the mountains for more than ten miles and dozens of miles." Referring to his past life, Luo Yinghe frowned and said, "Who doesn’t say that his hometown is good, but because one side of the soil and water can’t support one side, and the plight of the mountains is deep, many people have a very difficult life, and their housing is very simple and their livelihood is difficult to guarantee."

  On December 2, 2015, a new round of ex situ poverty alleviation in Guizhou Province was launched in Huishui. In March 2016, as the first batch of relocated people in Huishui County, Luo Ying and 4,685 villagers from 1,109 households from 58 villages moved to an economic development zone 10 kilometers away from Huishui County and moved into a new home with complete furniture.

  After the relocation, Luo Ying and the villagers started a new life of "living in a new house one step at a time and living a good life quickly", realizing the change from "poverty" to "wealth".

  Luo Yinghe’s new home in Huishui County, a brand-new five-story building is arranged in a spacious concrete roadside, and the word "Happy Building" on the white exterior wall is particularly eye-catching.

  Money changes from "nothing" to "something" to live a good life quickly.

  Relocation is only a means, and poverty alleviation is the purpose. In order to make the people who have moved out stable and become rich, the Party branch of Xinmin Community in Mengjiang Street of Huishui County has set up a community "New Age Workshop", and combined with "migrant night school training class" and "life lecture hall" to strengthen the ideological education and skills training of immigrants.

  In the past two years, we have held 108 sessions of basic education, electrician training, chef training, primary computer training, beauty salons, domestic service, pre-job training and other activities with 5682 person-times. Community neighborhood committees registered and established the "Follow-up Labor Service Company for Immigrants", successfully recommended more than 3,000 people to work in the county, and helped 78 special families to be included in the post of "sanitation worker".

  At present, 2,881 relocated households are working in the nearby enterprises in the development zone, and each person’s monthly salary income reaches 2000— About 3000 yuan, the average annual income of households is about 50 thousand yuan.

  "According to the household annual income survey in January 2018, the annual income of more than three people in many families is more than 90,000 yuan. One-person employment households also have more than 27,000 yuan, and some families in the community have more than 120 cars. " Over the past year or so, Luo Ying and nearly 5,000 villagers in 10 townships in the county have personally experienced great changes in poverty alleviation and relocation, and money has changed from "nothing" to "having".

  People have changed from "lazy" to "diligent", and their lives have been looking forward.

  "While the poor people’s lives are getting better, people are also made up of ‘ Lazy ’ Change ‘ Qin ’ Yes! " Around Luo Yinghe, there is a living example.

  Before the relocation, 38-year-old Wang Huaping, his 35-year-old brother and his 70-year-old parents lived in a mountain nest 12 kilometers away from the highway. The family was very poor and lived on subsistence allowances. They lived a cycle of looking forward to the night during the day and the boring life during the day at night. Because of poverty, the two brothers still can’t find a partner in their thirties.

  "After the branch visited the house and knew the above situation, he persuaded Wang Huaping to enter the training class. After education and training, his thoughts gained insight. He lost the inertia of wanting to be a poor household in the past and reached out and learned electrician skills. He was recommended to work in a nearby enterprise. Now his deposit has reached more than 30,000 yuan." Before the Spring Festival, Luo Yinghe asked about Wang Huaping’s plans. Wang Huaping, who lives in a new house, smiled and told Luo Yinghe that he wanted to work hard and earn some money to buy a car and marry a wife.

  "It used to be a hard time, but now life has a head start." Nowadays, in the relocation and resettlement area for poverty alleviation in Mingtian, Huishui County, the poor people’s awareness of taking the initiative to get rid of poverty is getting higher and higher, and their enthusiasm and initiative to get rich through hard work are getting stronger and stronger, realizing the change from "lazy" to "diligent".

Growth of 121.0%, 84.2% … China promotes the high-quality development of cultural tourism.

Click to watch the video

CCTV News:The Press Office of the State Council held a series of press conferences on the theme of "Opening by Authorities" today (December 14th). According to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, in the first three quarters of this year, there were 342,000 commercial performances nationwide, and the box office revenue was 31.54 billion yuan, up by 121.0% and 84.2% compared with the same period in 2019.

In order to promote inbound and outbound tourism, the national travel agencies and online travel enterprises have been resumed to operate the outbound group travel business of China citizens to 138 countries. In addition, in order to carry forward the excellent Chinese traditional culture, we are actively promoting the application for the Beijing Central Axis and the Spring Festival.

Source: CCTV

This summer, we selected more than 100 new fashionable hairstyles, which are good-looking and thin-faced, and the cut is very different.

Hairstyle is a way to show personal charm. Choosing a hairstyle that suits you can not only increase your confidence, but also make the whole person look more fashionable and dynamic.

In this article, I sorted out 100 popular hairstyles, including short hair, long hair, straight hair, curly hair, collarbone hair and micro-curly hair.

I hope I can provide you with inspiration and make you glow with new style!

Flying short hair: neat short hair cut, with a light layering, suitable for showing self-confidence and capable image.

Bobo head: classic wave curl, showing romance and elegance, which is the first choice for fashionable women.

Asymmetric tailoring: one side is long and the other side is short, creating a sense of avant-garde and suitable for women with personality.

Short hair dyeing: through dyeing and perm technology, it adds layers and colors to short hair and shows fashion attitude.

Straight hair: Simple and classic straight hair, showing dignity and elegance, suitable for various occasions.

Big curly hair: curly and natural big wavy curly hair adds feminine temperament and makes you more charming and moving.

Yu Gubian: Exquisite and elegant braiding can be a simple two-strand Yu Gubian or a complicated braiding style, which is suitable for formal or leisure occasions.

Ring-buckle long hair: a part of long hair is fixed behind the ear through buttons or hair accessories, showing a fresh image while retaining the elegance of long hair.

Natural micro-curls: show natural and casual micro-curls, add a playful and lovely atmosphere, suitable for daily life.

Tight curly hair: by using curling iron or perm technology, we can create a tight curly hair effect and show personality and fashion.

Large volume in middle: divide the big wavy curly hair into middle, increase the layering and romantic atmosphere, suitable for various occasions.

Mermaid curly hair: through curly hair and rising tailoring, we can create a vibrant and dynamic mermaid curly hair, showing the mysterious and charming image of the sea goddess.

Natural straight hair: straighten the hair tail to create a natural and elegant straight hair effect, showing simplicity and fashion.

Clavicular hair with internal buckle: Turn the hair tip inward to create a soft and elegant image, suitable for various occasions.

Ring braiding: a part of hair is braided into a ring shape, which matches the length of clavicle hair to add layering and personality charm.

Split micro-curl: through micro-curl technology, the clavicle hair is made into a delicate and charming micro-curl hairstyle, showing fashion and femininity.

Natural micro-curly long hair: keep the length of long hair, create a natural and casual effect through micro-curling, and add feminine charm to women.

Side-divided micro-roll: divide the long hair into one side, and then use the curling iron to create a delicate micro-roll, showing elegance and fashion.

Lightweight layered long hair: through layered cutting, a light long hair shape is created, and with micro-volume, it shows a light and dynamic effect.

Twist the flower head: twist the long hair into the shape of the flower head, with micro-rolls, showing a different personality charm.

Whether you like short hair or long hair, straight hair or curly hair, clavicle hair or micro-curly hair, you can find a suitable choice among these 100 popular hairstyles. Hairstyle can not only show personal style, but also enhance the overall image. I hope this article can provide you with inspiration, let you shine on the fashion stage and show your unique beauty potential!

How to exercise? What sport? How long do you exercise? To prevent cardiovascular disease? Prevent sudden death?

Many people ask Dr. Wang, who advises us to exercise every day, so how to exercise, what exercise, how long to exercise and what matters to pay attention to are good for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

In fact, the reason is very simple. Life lies in exercise. Think about the blood flowing in blood vessels. Is it that we sit still and the blood flows fast or that the blood flows fast after exercise? Is it easier to block blood vessels with fast blood flow or slow blood flow? Of course, this is just our thinking, and many problems still depend on objective investigation evidence.

First, a research report was published in the Journal of American Heart Association, and 149,000 people were followed up for nearly 10 years. It was concluded that people who sit for more than 8 hours a day have a 52% increase in death risk compared with those who sit for less than 4 hours, and sedentary people have an 80% increase in all-cause death risk compared with those who exercise! Sedentary people have a 107% higher risk of cardiovascular death than those who exercise! First of all, it is affirmed that no exercise significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Second, on January 8, 2018, a study published in Circulation magazine showed that exercise can reverse the harm caused by sedentary heart aging and prevent the occurrence of heart disease. No exercise will cause the heart muscles to become stiff. Be careful that the muscles become stiff, your blood pressure will rise, and the ventricle will not be able to pump blood effectively. The worst case is heart failure.

Third, the United Kingdom conducted a study of 80,000 people, and observed it for 10 years, mainly to explore the relationship between different kinds of physical exercise and all-cause mortality. The research results show that swing sports, including team sports such as tennis and badminton, can reduce the level of all-cause mortality the strongest, which can be reduced by 47%. Swimming can reduce the death rate by 41%. Aerobic exercise, more refers to aerobic gymnastics, which can reduce the mortality rate by 36%. Compared with people who don’t exercise at all, running can only reduce all-cause mortality’s contribution by 13%. However, cycling performed even lower in this respect, only dropping by 10%. (Running and cycling also belong to aerobic exercise) The above research is to reduce all-cause deaths, that is, deaths caused by various reasons, and the mortality rate can be reduced through the above exercises; For reducing the risk of death from cardiovascular diseases, the top three are these three kinds of exercises.

These three studies tell us that the benefits of exercise on cardiovascular diseases, in fact, we have always encouraged aerobic exercise, that is, moderate-intensity sustained exercise, such as swimming, cycling, aerobics, running, playing badminton, etc. These exercises can be adhered to according to their own abilities and needs. 3-5 times a week, each time is not less than 30 minutes, and the heart rate is controlled at 170- one’s age. This heart rate is a relatively simple calculation method, which can be used as a reference. When we exercise, the heart rate is controlled at 170 times MINUS one’s age, so it is not appropriate to be too fast. Generally speaking, our maximum limit is 220 MINUS our age, which is the upper limit of our strenuous exercise, and it is generally not appropriate to exceed this heart rate. However, for the sake of cardiovascular health, moderate-intensity and persistent aerobic exercise is recommended, and strenuous exercise is not recommended.

Research shows that, in terms of the length of time, the best duration of each exercise should be between 45 and 60 minutes, less than 45 minutes, the effect is weakened, more than 60 minutes, there is no higher income, and many will have negative effects, 3-5 days a week, the effect is better.

[Dr. Cardiovascular King officially authorized the protection of rights defenders. Anyone who steals will be investigated for legal responsibility. 】 # Heart Hero #

# Breeze Plan #

Some knowledge about football

Football is a sport in which the feet are the mainstay, the ball is controlled and dominated, and two teams attack and defend each other on the same rectangular court according to certain rules. Football is called "the first sport in the world" because of its strong antagonism, changeable tactics and large number of participants.

Here are some knowledge about football:

01

The origin of football

The predecessor of modern football originated from the ball game "Cuju" in Zizhou, Shandong Province (now Zibo City) in ancient China, and was later spread to Europe by Arabs from China, and gradually evolved into modern football.

Modern football originated in England.

In 2005, in the closing ceremony of the centenary celebration of FIFA, Linzi, Shandong Province, China was officially declared as the origin of world football.

The picture above shows the ancient Cuju map of China.

02

ancient football

The origin of football can be traced back to the ancient ball game Cuju in China. Cuju’s original name was "Tuju", and the word Cuju first appeared in Historical Records Biography of Bian Que Canggong, while Cuju was called the ancient football in China. In the Western Han Dynasty, writers Liu Xiang and Liu Xin and his son wrote in their personal works Bielu and Qilue: "Cuju players are rumored to be made by the Yellow Emperor." By the Tang and Song Dynasties, Cuju had become very popular and became an elegant activity in the court. This ball game was later introduced to Europe from China by Arabs.

03

Modern football day

October 26, 1863

On October 26th, 1863, several football fans met at the Fremason Hotel in Queen’s Street, London, England, and discussed and established the English Football Association, which was the first football association established in the history of world football, and its establishment marked the birth of modern football.

04

The "four" firsts in football

In 1848, the Cambridge Rules, the first written rule in the history of football, was born.

On October 26th, 1863, England established the first football association in the world, and unified the competition rules of football.

In 1872, the first official match between football associations was held between England and Scotland.

In 1900, in the Second Summer Olympic Games, football was included as an official event.

05

Football playing field

one

Venue area: The venue should be rectangular, with a length of no more than 120m or less than 90m and a width of no more than 90m or less than 45m (the venue for international competitions should be no more than 110m or less than 100m and no more than 75m or less than 64m). In any case, the length must exceed the width.

2

Line drawing: The competition venue should draw clear lines according to the plane drawing, the line width should not exceed 12 cm, and no V-shaped grooves should be made. The longer two lines are called sideline and the shorter one is called goal line. Draw a line across the court in the middle of the court, which is called the center line. The center of the site should be marked clearly, and a circle with this point as the center and a radius of 9.15m should be drawn, which is called the middle circle. On each corner of the site, a flat-topped flagpole with a height of not less than 1.50 meters should be erected, and a small flag should be tied on it; Similar flags and flagpoles can be erected on one side and at least 1 meter away from the sideline of the center line on both sides of the field.

three

Goal area: On the goal line 5.50 meters away from the inside of the goal post at both ends of the competition field, draw a line with a length of 5.50 meters perpendicular to the goal line into the field, with one end connected with the goal line and the other end drawing a connecting line parallel to the goal line. The area within the range of these three lines and the goal line is called the goal area.

four

Penalty area: On the goal line 16.50 meters away from the inside of the goal post at both ends of the playing field, draw a line with a length of 16.50 meters perpendicular to the goal line into the field, with one end connected with the goal line and the other end drawing a connecting line parallel to the goal line. The area within the range of these three lines and the goal line is called penalty area, and make a clear mark at the midpoint of the two goal lines measuring 11 meters vertically into the field, which is called penalty point. Draw an arc outside the penalty area with the penalty spot as the center and 9.15m as the radius, which is called the penalty arc.

five

Corner area: Take the intersection of sideline and goal line as the center and 1m as the radius, draw a quarter arc into the field, and the area within this arc is called corner area.

six

Goal: The goal should be located in the center of each goal line, and it is composed of two vertical goalposts with a distance of 7.32 meters and an equal distance from the flag point in the west corner, and a horizontal crossbar with a lower edge of 2.44 meters above the ground. In order to ensure safety, both the fixed goal and the movable goal must be stably fixed on the field. The width and thickness of doorposts and crossbars shall be symmetrical and equal, and shall not exceed 12 cm. The net is attached to the goalpost, crossbar and ground behind the goal. The net should be properly propped up, so that the goalkeeper has enough room to move. The material of the net is allowed to be made of hemp, jute or nylon. Nylon rope can be used, but it must not be thinner than hemp or hemp rope.

06

Position on the football field

one

Goalkeeper: The main responsibility is to hold the goal, observe the changes of the game on the field, organize and direct the offensive and defensive of the whole team.

2

Full-back: mainly responsible for defending the opposing winger or other players who are inserted into the winger position, and cooperating with the central defender to make up for each other and block the way to attack the goal directly. When our team attacks, we can also wait for an opportunity to help out and play the role of winger.

three

Central defender: It is the pillar of defense. Its main duty is to defend the most dangerous area in the front center of the goal, stop the opponent from shooting, and cooperate with the full-back and another central defender to make up for each other’s positions. It should also play the role of offensive and defensive organization and command.

four

Avant-garde: It is active in the middle zone between the striker and the defender, and its main responsibility is to control the midfield, which is the barrier of defense and the link of frontier attack. Advance can attack, retreat can defend, and timely insert or long-range, which plays the core role of the team.

five

Center: The main responsibility is to shoot through or catch a cross ball. Secondly, it is the "sharp knife" and "shooter" of our team through cross transposition, left and right coordination, disturbing the other side’s defense line and creating opportunities for our companions to insert, cut or shoot. It is the first line of defense for the whole team when the attack turns to the defense.

six

Winger: The main duty is to break through the opponent’s defense line from the side, take the ball and cut the shot or cross the baseline or outflank the shot. When defending, we should keep a close eye on our full-backs, prevent them from assisting freely, and assist our full-backs in defending the opposing wingers.

07

game

compare

game

rule

rule

1. Competition system

The game is divided into two teams, each with 11 players (generally speaking, each team is allowed to replace three substitute players during the game), and one of them must be a goalkeeper. The whole game is 90 minutes, which is divided into upper and lower halves, with each half lasting 45 minutes. The rest time between the first half and the second half shall not exceed 15 minutes. There is a referee and two sideline referees in the game. In each half, the referee can make up time according to the injuries and time-consuming substitution on the field. If the game must be decided, if the two teams draw within 90 minutes, overtime will be played for 15 minutes in the first half and 15 minutes in the second half. If the game is still tied, the winner will be decided by penalty kick.

The game time should be divided into two equal halves, 45 minutes for each half and 90 minutes for a ball game. Unless otherwise agreed by both parties under special circumstances, the following provisions shall apply:

A. In each half, the time lost due to substitution, dealing with the wounded, delay time and other reasons shall be made up, and the amount of this time shall be decided by the referee.

B. At the end of each half-time or after the whole game, if a penalty kick, corner kick, frontcourt free kick or the ball enters the opponent’s penalty area and the goal has not been completed yet, the time shall be extended until the end of the attack. Unless the referee agrees, the rest time between the first half and the second half shall not exceed 15 minutes.

2. Kick-off method

1. Before the start of the game, the kick-off or venue should be selected by coin-in, and the party who picks first should have the right to choose the kick-off or venue. After the referee gives the signal, the game should be started by a player of the opening team kicking the ball (that is, kicking the ball placed in the center of the playing field). Before the ball is kicked out, all the other players (except the team members) should be in their own half, and the opposing team members who open the team should also keep at least 9.15 meters away from the ball; After the ball is kicked out, there is obvious displacement. It should be considered that the kickoff player is not allowed to touch the ball again before the ball is touched or kicked by other players.

2. After a goal is scored, a player from the negative side should kick off again in the same way to continue the game.

At the beginning of the second half, the two teams should exchange venues, and the other side of the team that kicked off in the first half will kick off.

3. Penalty

1. Any kick-off that violates the rules in this chapter should be reopened. If the kickoff player touches the ball again before the ball is touched or kicked by other players, the opposing team should be at the foul place. Kick an indirect free kick

2. Kick-off can be scored directly to the opponent. Kicking into one’s own goal will result in a corner kick.

3. If the ball doesn’t cross the sideline or goal line when the game is suspended for reasons not specified in these rules, when the game is resumed, the referee should drop the ball at the position where the ball was suspended, and the game will be resumed when it hits the ground. If the ball is in the goal area when the game is suspended, it should be dropped on the goal line nearest to the position where the ball is located and parallel to the goal line. When the ball is dropped, the players must not touch the ball before it hits the ground, otherwise the referee should drop the ball again.

4. Dead ball

In the following cases, it becomes a dead ball:

When the ball crosses the goal line or sideline on the ground or in the air.

When the game has been stopped by the referee.

5. The game is going on

From the start of the competition to the end of the competition, the competition should be in progress, including:

A. The ball bounces back from the goalpost, crossbar or corner flagpole.

B. The ball bounced off the referee or linesman on the court.

C. the players on the field fouled and the referee didn’t punish them.

6. Method of winning

Unless otherwise stipulated in the rules, if the whole ball crosses the goal line from between the goalposts and under the crossbar, instead of being thrown or brought in by the attacker’s hand and deliberately pushed into the goal with his hand or arm (except that the goalkeeper is in his own penalty area), the attacker wins a goal. In a game, the team that wins more goals is the winning team. If neither side wins or the number of wins is equal, the game should be called a "draw".

7. Penalty for violation of regulations

-offside

(1) An attacker who is closer to the opponent’s goal line than the ball is in an offside position. Except in the following cases:

1. The player is in his own half.

2. At least two players of the opposing team are closer to the goal line of the opposing team than this player.

(2) When the player kicks or touches the ball, and the team member is offside, the referee thinks that the player has the following behaviors, so it should be judged offside:

1. Interfering with the game or the other side;

2. Attempt to gain benefits from offside position.

(3) A player should not be judged offside in the following circumstances:

1. The players are only offside;

2. A player can directly catch a goal kick, corner kick or throw the ball out of bounds.

(4) If a player is sentenced to offside, the referee shall award an indirect free kick by the opposing player at the offside location. If the player is offside in the opponent’s goal area, then this free kick can be executed anywhere in the goal area where he was offside.

-Fouls and misconduct

(1) A member intentionally violates any of the following nine items, namely:

1. Kicking or attempting to kick an opposing team member.

2. Tripping the opponent’s players, that is, behind or in front of the opponent, stretching your legs or bending over to trip or attempt to trip the opponent.

3. Jump to the opposing team.

4. Violent or dangerous collision with the other team members.

5. In addition to the other side is blocking, from behind the other team.

6. Try to hit the opposing team and spit on them.

7. Pull the opposing team.

8. Push the opposing team.

9. Touch the ball with your hands, for example, carrying and pushing the ball with your hands or arms (except for the goalkeeper in his own penalty area).

Note: On March 5th, 2021, international football association board announced that it had adjusted the rules concerning hand ball, and not all handball was considered a foul. Unintentional handball that causes teammates to score a goal or get a chance to score will no longer be considered a foul. In all the above cases, the opponent should be sentenced to kick a direct free kick at the foul place. If the foul place is in the opponent’s penalty area, the free kick can be executed anywhere in the penalty area. In the course of the game, if the defender intentionally violates any of the above nine items in his own penalty area, he should be awarded a penalty no matter where the ball is at that time.

(2) A player commits any of the following five fouls, namely:

1. The referee thinks that his actions are dangerous, such as trying to kick the ball that the goalkeeper has caught.

2. When the goalkeeper is in the penalty area:

A. Holding, patting or throwing the ball into the air in any direction after controlling the ball by hand, and then catching it, and walking for more than 4 steps without making the ball enter the competition state.

B. After holding the ball, touch the ball with your hands again according to the situation in clause (2)c, although you have made the ball enter the competition state before touching the ball by the team members outside the penalty area or the opposing team members inside and outside the penalty area.

C. The goalkeeper touches the ball with his hand after a team member intentionally kicks the ball to the goalkeeper.

D. The referee thinks that due to tactical purposes, the team intentionally stops the game and delays the game time, which makes the team gain illegitimate interests.

In all the above cases, the opponent should be judged to kick an indirect free kick at the foul place according to the specific circumstances of the first free kick rule.

3. Players should be warned and shown a yellow card in the following situations:

E. After the start of the game, players enter or re-enter the game or leave during the game: except for accidents, in either case, without the permission of the referee in advance.

F. If the referee suspends the game to execute the warning, the opponent will kick an indirect free kick to resume the game at the place where the ball is located when the game is suspended according to the specific situation of the free kick rules.

G. If the foul player has other more serious foul circumstances, he shall be punished according to the relevant provisions of the rules.

H. the team members violated the rules continuously.

I. express dissatisfaction with the referee’s decision by words or actions.

J. has improper behavior.

Except for a more serious foul, if a player’s behavior falls into any of the last three items mentioned above, he should be given a yellow card warning and ordered to kick an indirect free kick at the foul place according to the specific conditions of any team rules.

(3) When the referee thinks that a player has the following situations, he should be ordered to play and show a red card:

1. Commit acts of violence.

2. Serious foul.

3. Use foul language or abuse.

4. After being given a yellow card warning, he was given a second yellow card warning for foul.

The game is suspended because of the penalty. If the player does not violate other rules, the opponent should be sentenced to kick an indirect free kick in the foul place according to the specific situation of the free kick rules.

8. Free kick

There are two kinds of free kicks: direct free kicks (which can be scored directly into the goal of the foul team) and indirect free kicks (the server is not allowed to shoot directly, and can only shoot after being touched by other players).

9. penalty kick

(1) Requirements

The penalty kick should be kicked from the penalty spot, and the penalty player must be clearly defined. When serving, all players except the referee and the opposing goalkeeper should be outside the penalty area and in the competition field, and at least 9.15m away from the penalty point. Before the ball is served, the opposing goalkeeper must stand on the goal line between the two goalposts (his feet are not allowed to move). The referee must kick the ball forward; Don’t touch the ball again until other players kick or touch it. When the ball rolls to the circumferential distance of the ball, the game is resumed. Penalty kicks can be scored directly. When the penalty kick is executed in the middle of the game, or when the penalty kick is extended or reissued at the end of the semi-full game in the first half, if the kicked ball touches any post or two posts; Or touch the crossbar; Or touch the goalkeeper; Or continuously touching the goalpost, crossbar or goalkeeper and entering the goal, as long as there is no foul, it should be judged as a winning goal.

(2) Penalty

Anyone who violates any provision of this chapter shall be dealt with as follows:

1. If the defender fouls, the ball should be severely punished if it is not penalized.

2. If an attacker other than the penalty shooters commits a foul, the penalty will be invalid and should be severely punished.

3. If the penalty player commits a foul after the game is resumed, the opposing player shall issue an indirect free kick at the foul place according to the specific situation of the free kick rules.

10. Throw a foul ball

When the whole ball crosses the sideline on the ground or in the air, it should be thrown in any direction in the court by the opponent who touched the ball last before it was out of bounds.

When throwing the ball, the thrower must face the court, and some of his feet should stand on the sideline or outside the sideline. He should not leave the ground with his feet, and throw the ball into the stadium from the head to the back with both hands. The game resumed as soon as the ball entered the court. The thrower must not touch the ball again until it is kicked or touched by other players. Throw a foul ball into the goal directly to score.

penalty provision

1. If the ball is not thrown into the stadium according to the prescribed method, the opposing team members should throw the foul ball in the same place.

2. If the ball thrower touches the ball again after throwing the ball into the stadium before it is kicked or touched by other players, the opposing team should kick an indirect free kick at the place where the foul occurred. If a player fouls in the opponent’s goal area or fouls in his own goal area, he should kick an indirect free kick according to the specific circumstances of the free kick rules.

Goal kick.

When the whole ball crosses the baseline from the outside of the goal in the air or on the ground, and the last player who kicks or touches the ball is the attacking player, the defending goalkeeper will directly issue a restricted area at any place in the restricted area to resume the game. The goalkeeper must not put the ball in his hand before sending it into the game. If the ball is not directly served from the tee, that is, it has not entered the game, it should be re-served. The goalkeeper must not touch the ball again before it is kicked or touched by other players. Goal kick is not allowed to score directly. When serving goal kick, the opposing team members should stand outside the service area before the ball is sent out of the service area.

After the player who serves goal kick kicks the ball out of the service court, he touches the ball again before it is kicked or touched by other players, and the opposing player shall be awarded an indirect free kick at the place where the foul occurred. If a player fouls in the penalty area, it will be executed according to the specific situation of the free kick rule.

12. Corner kick

When the whole ball crosses the goal line from the outside of the goal, whether in the air or on the ground, and the defender touches the ball finally, the attacking player puts the ball in the corner area close to the ball out of bounds and kicks the corner kick.

Do not move the corner flagpole when serving the corner kick. A corner kick can win a goal directly. The opponent of the corner kick player shall not enter within 9.15 meters from the ball when the ball has not entered the game, that is, the ball has not rolled to the circumferential distance of the ball. A player serving a corner kick is not allowed to touch the ball again before it is touched by other players.

1. When a player who kicks a corner touches the ball again before it is kicked or touched by other players, the referee shall order the opposing player to kick an indirect free kick at the place where the foul occurred. If a player fouls in the goal area, it will be executed according to the specific situation of the free kick rule in the rules.

2. If there is any other foul, the corner kick should be kicked again.

Slide down to see all.

08

organization

one

The highest organization in the world is the International Football Federation, which was founded in 1904 and headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland.

The highest organization in China is the Chinese Football Association, which was established in Beijing on January 3rd, 1955.

09

Top ten famous football matches

one

The FIFA World Cup is held every four years. It is a football match with the participation of national teams all over the world, which symbolizes the highest honor in football and has the greatest popularity and influence.

2

The European Football Championship, also known as the "European Championship", is held every four years and is one of the most influential international football competitions. Since 2016, the number of teams participating in the final stage of the European Championship has expanded to 24.

three

The European Champions League, referred to as the "Champions League" or "Champions League", represents the highest level and honor of European club football. Twenty-two clubs have won the Champions League in succession, with Real Madrid winning the championship the most times, totaling 13 times.

four

The English Football Super League, referred to as the "Premier League" for short, is one of the "five major leagues" in Europe. It is composed of 20 teams and is considered to be one of the best leagues in the world. With its fast pace, fierce competition and numerous strong teams, it has become the most popular sports event in the world and the highest-paid football league.

five

Italian Football League One, referred to as "Serie A" for short, is one of the highest-level professional football leagues in the world. In the 1980s and 1990s, there were many stars and powerful teams in Serie A, which was called "Little World Cup".

six

Spanish Football League One, referred to as La Liga for short, is the most competitive league in Europe at present. It is known as the "Star League" and "Mr. League" and is the cradle of cultivating footballer of the year and the Golden Globe Award.

seven

German Football League One, referred to as "Bundesliga", is the highest-level club competition in German football. Bayern Munich is the most successful team in the Bundesliga, winning 28 Bundesliga titles.

eight

French Football League One, referred to as "Ligue 1" for short, started the era of "Green Giants" dominating Ligue 1 when French football superstar Platini debuted in saint etienne in the 1970s, which produced a turning point in Ligue 1 and made French football once again become an important force in Europe.

nine

The America’s Cup is the most important national football match attended by the member countries of South American Football Association. It was formerly known as the South American Football Championship and is also the oldest national football match in the world. It is held every four years.

10

The Asian Cup is the highest-level national competition in Asia. Since 1997, Asian Cup champions have represented AFC in the FIFA Confederations Cup.

10

Top ten famous football stars

one

Famous stars: Pele, Diego Maradona, johan cruyff, franz beckenbauer, Zidane, Ronaldo, alfredo di stefano, bobby charlton, Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo.

Source: Ping An Kudur

Editor: Zhang Zibo

Editor in charge: Yang Xiaobin

Duty Officer: Zhang Lijuan

Domestic beauty cosmetics have accelerated their rise, and what will sustain their development in the future?

Chao news client reporter Liu Yixin

In 2023, the smoke of double 11’s war has gradually dispersed. However, this big promotion has changed the face of the beauty industry and re-defined: the domestic beauty leader topped the Tmall beauty and skin care list for the first time in the past six years; Competition in the industry has intensified, and scientific and technological strength has become an important starting point for major domestic brands to break through. The high-quality development of China Beauty Town has attracted the attention of the industry. Recently, at the 7th China Cosmetics Industry Leaders Summit held in the town, technology and innovation became a hot word.

The high-quality development road of China Beauty Town has attracted the attention of the industry. Photography He Weiwei

The beauty industry has ushered in a new pattern.Domestic brands accelerate their rise.

Although the GMV of double 11’s beauty category was only 78.6 billion yuan in 2023, and the data declined, the leading brands of domestic beauty products still performed strongly and made a qualitative breakthrough, which led to a brand-new pattern in the beauty industry.

In 2023, double 11 Tmall’s TOP20 Brand List of Beauty and Skin Care showed that Polaiya ranked first with GMV of 2.219 billion yuan, L ‘Oré al ranked second with GMV of 2.003 billion yuan, Lancome ranked third with GMV of 1.836 billion yuan, Estee Lauder ranked fourth with GMV of 1.566 billion yuan, and Winona ranked fifth with GMV of 1.286 billion yuan.

First of all, from the list, Polaiya advanced four places, becoming the first place, Winona ranked fifth, and entered the top five for the first time. Nature Hall advanced six places, ranking 13th, and Kerfumei, which did not enter the TOP20 in 2022, ranked 17th this time.

For consumers, ranking first or last is not important, but it has unusual significance for brands and domestic beauty cosmetics, which indicates that under the new beauty pattern, domestic brands have ushered in a new development stage.

Tang Xiujie, an analyst in the beauty and nursing industry of Zheshang Securities, believes that the results of this year’s double 11 promotion show that international brands have weakened, especially Japanese and Korean brands have fallen off the list, while domestic brands have accelerated their rise.

Looking back on the e-commerce promotion in recent years, before 2015, because international brands did not pay attention to online sales, the e-commerce platform was dominated by domestic products. However, since 2016, major international brands have successively settled in the Tmall platform and made efforts. After that, domestic brands gradually lost their dominance in the e-commerce platform. Especially since 2018, domestic brands have been at a disadvantage in e-commerce sales. For example, in Tmall double 11 from 2018 to 2022, the top three or even the top four in the beauty list are international brands.

Proya Hou Juncheng: Technological innovation leads the high-quality development of domestic products.

As the leader of domestic beauty products, Polaiya’s rise and breakthrough has become the industry benchmark.

At the China Cosmetics Industry Leaders Summit, Hou Jun, Chairman of Polaiya (603605.SH), told the story of how cosmetics enterprises can achieve scientific and technological innovation and quality development based on the company’s 20-year practice.

In the first three quarters of this year, Polaiya Company achieved a total revenue of 5.249 billion yuan. This is a milestone for the company. For the first time, Polaiya has become the largest cosmetics listed company in China in terms of revenue. During the just-concluded "Double Eleven" period, Polaiya brand won the beauty category of Tmall platform and Tik Tok platform, which not only broke the best record of Polaiya brand, but also created a new history of cosmetics enterprises in China. "This is consumers’ full affirmation of Polaiya." Hou juncheng said.

"In the past few years, we have continuously increased investment in scientific research, introduced a number of advanced R&D equipment and talents at home and abroad, and established close cooperative relations with well-known raw material suppliers, scientific research institutions and universities at home and abroad, and are at the forefront of scientific research and innovation of domestic cosmetics enterprises." Hou Jun shared some specific practices of the company in scientific and technological innovation with other big coffee companies.

At the recent 20th anniversary strategy conference, Polaiya Company also disclosed the situation of Shanghai R&D Center and Hangzhou Longwu R&D Center for the first time, showing the company’s scientific and technological strength to the public in an all-round and three-dimensional way. Obviously, the R&D Innovation Center and the International Academy of Sciences have become the innovation engines of Polaiya Company. The strategy conference also unveiled the company’s 20-year-old scientific research strength work-Polaiya Energy Essence, further improved the new Polaiya Energy Series listed in September this year, and committed to providing consumers with anti-aging root solutions. It is understood that Polaiya Energy Essence will be officially listed in January next year.

Freda Gao Chunming: Continuous innovation is the only way for brands.

"China cosmetics are entering the golden age of brand rise, and global cosmetics are entering China time." Gao Chunming, deputy general manager of Freda, made his judgment clear at the China Cosmetics Industry Leaders Summit.

Dr. Yi Lian and Dr. Ai Er, owned by Freda (600223.SH), are also outstanding domestic brands in recent years. The company’s performance has grown by leaps and bounds, from 221 million yuan in 2018 to 1.969 billion yuan in 2022, an increase of nearly eight times in four years.

"From the perspective of the history of global economic development, a world-class consumption center will surely breed a world-class brand." Gao Chunming made an in-depth study on the history of the world economy and cosmetics. For example, he said, L ‘Oreal was born when the European economy rose, Estee Lauder was born when the American economy rose, Shiseido was born when the Japanese economy rose, and Amore was born when the Korean economy rose. At present, the cosmetics market in China has become the second largest market in the world, and he predicts that a world-class cosmetics brand in China will be produced in the next 10 years.

However, it is not so easy for domestic brands to stand out as world-class super brands. "To become a world-class brand, first of all, your products must have long-term vitality." Gao Chunming believes that continuous innovation is the only way. Taking Dr. Ai Er as an example, he described how brands make efforts in demand innovation, technology innovation, raw material innovation, category innovation and channel innovation. The brand broke through the scale of one billion in four years, and created a new track for micro-ecological skin care.

Gao Chunming also discussed with big coffee makers in other industries-where are the opportunities for China cosmetics brands in the future?

"The biggest opportunity is hidden in non-customers, which is a new business opportunity." Gao Chunming said that why non-customers don’t buy your products is actually more worthy of attention than why they buy them, because it will provide opportunities for brand improvement. Now there is a tendency in the industry: excessive trust in big data and algorithms. Gao Chunming believes that this may make the brand narrower and narrower. Everyone only pays attention to the target customers, and there is a high probability that they will fall into homogenization competition. Gao Chunming believes that letting non-customers see your brand advertisements will increase the satisfaction of existing customers.

Deeply cultivate scientific research and innovation, and the race of "long-term doctrine" continues.

Deng Wenhui, an industry analyst of Guolian Securities, said that according to the double 11 list of Tmall Beauty Cosmetics and the data of many third-party organizations, in 2023, domestic brands in double 11 achieved a breakthrough from "quantity" to "quality". Deng Wenhui further analyzed that there are three reasons behind the new pattern of the industry. First, consumers are more rational in placing orders and emphasize cost performance; Second, domestic brands cultivate their own internal strength, constantly increase their scientific and technological strength, and build their own "scientific ecology" in terms of self-developed ingredients and raw material innovation; Third, under cultural self-confidence, consumers no longer blindly worship foreign brands.

Photo courtesy of vision china.

In this year’s double 11 Promotion, the exclusive self-developed ingredients are often the signboard of each family, and each family continues to tap the potential in raw material innovation. In July this year, the filing data of new cosmetic raw materials of the State Food and Drug Administration showed that more than 60 new raw materials had been registered, and most of them were reported by domestic enterprises, among which the number of anti-aging ingredients was the largest. Taking the new track of synthetic biology as an example, it soon attracted the layout of companies such as Huaxi Bio, Polaiya, Betani, Freda, Juzi Bio and Marubi Co., Ltd. The existing raw materials of biosynthetic cosmetics include hyaluronic acid, collagen, astaxanthin, ergothionine, ginsenoside, polypeptide synthesized by enzymes, arbutin and so on.

Zheshang Securities Tang Xiujie believes that the competition in the beauty industry is intensifying, and if domestic products want to stand out, hard manufacturing and soft power are indispensable. The R&D strength has been the focus of domestic beauty companies’ competition, and weak brands are prone to growth bottlenecks.

In terms of R&D expenses, according to the data of the third quarterly report of cosmetics listed companies, in the first three quarters, there were five companies whose R&D expenses exceeded 100 million yuan, of which China Hi Bio (688363.SH) was 277 million yuan, Betaine (300957.SZ) was 181 million yuan, Polaiya was 128 million yuan, and shanghai jahwa (600315.SH) was 1. Judging from the year-on-year growth rate, in the first three quarters, Betani increased by 44%, Polaiya increased by 32%, Freda increased by 25%, shanghai jahwa increased by about 10%, and Huaxi Bio increased by 0%. Judging from the amount, the R&D expenses of Polaiya and Betani in the first three quarters of this year have exceeded the whole year of last year.

In terms of the number of patents, Polaiya has 234 patents, 17 new patents and 18 new patent applications in the first half of 2023. Huaxi Bio obtained 395 patents, and 58 new patents were added in the first half of the year. These patented technologies mainly focus on functional sugars and amino acids. Bettini’s patents mainly focus on Yunnan characteristic plant extracts, which is also the company’s independent research and development technology. The company claims to have a number of core technologies and patents in this field. Freda has 31 patents in the first half of the year, and 37 new products have been developed and put into production. Shanghai jahwa didn’t disclose it in the first half of last year. Only in 2022, when the annual report was disclosed, 9 national authorized invention patents and 43 patent applications were added.

Analysts believe that domestic beauty brands focus on scientific research to build their own scientific and technological strength, which is a good start, but compared with international brands, the amount and duration of investment are far from enough. For example, L ‘Oré al’s R&D investment in 2022 is as high as 1.139 billion euros, about 8.8 billion yuan. Moreover, behind every heavy product like L ‘Oré al, there is a patent technology blessing.

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