The first batch of 10 Hong Kong civil servants came to Shenzhen for three months, and Shenzhen and Hong Kong took the lead in launching the civil servant exchange and cooperation project.

The launching ceremony of "Guangdong-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Civil Servant Exchange and Cooperation Project" was held in Qianhai, Shenzhen on the 18th. The first batch of 10 Hong Kong civil servants will have a deep exchange for three months.

It is learnt that 10 middle and senior civil servants in Hong Kong come from eight departments and grades, including the Administrative Officer Grade, the Executive Officer Grade, the Environmental Protection Department, the Highways Department, the Innovation and Technology Commission, the Office of the Government Chief Information Officer, the Planning Department and the Transport Department. The exchange personnel were sent to different government units in Futian and Qianhai, Shenzhen, respectively, to conduct in-depth exchanges in areas such as regional governance, scientific and technological development, urban planning, transportation and environmental protection.

It is reported that this exchange and cooperation project is the first civil servant exchange project between Hong Kong and the Mainland since the full resumption of customs clearance. It is an important measure to take the lead in implementing the Agreement on Civil Servant Exchange and Cooperation Project between Greater Bay Area and Hong Kong in September this year, and Shenzhen has also become the first stop for the civil servant exchange and cooperation project between Greater Bay Area and Hong Kong in the Mainland. According to the consensus between Shenzhen and Hong Kong, the Hong Kong SAR Government will send 10 senior and middle-level civil servants from Hong Kong to relevant government departments and statutory bodies in Shenzhen for three months from mid-December 2023 to cooperate with the construction of major platforms for Shenzhen-Hong Kong cooperation, such as Hetao Shenzhen-Hong Kong Science and Technology Innovation Cooperation Zone and Qianhai Shenzhen-Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone, and participate in the work in the fields of ecological environment and transportation planning.

Observers believe that the exchanges between Shenzhen and Hong Kong have a deep foundation. With the continuous expansion of Greater Bay Area’s construction and Shenzhen-Hong Kong cooperation, Shenzhen-Hong Kong cooperation has moved from economic cooperation in the past to all-round cooperation and ushered in a new era of all-round acceleration and all-round promotion. In the field of public officials’ exchange, Shenzhen and Hong Kong have experienced cooperation from the working level of ecological environment and border policing to the normal and frequent exchange and docking under the mechanism of Shenzhen-Hong Kong cooperation special class. This exchange and cooperation has been broadened to the fields of scientific and technological innovation, ecological environment, urban planning and transportation planning, and the in-depth exchange and cooperation between civil servants of the two places will be strengthened in more fields in the future.

"Value Creation" Leads Workers’ Life to "Happiness Upgrade"

When I came to Tongjiang, Sichuan, a mountain stood tall and mountainous, and countless dangerous roads, deep canyons and valleys made people linger. Winding along the provincial highway 204, the house with red tiles and white walls, which is the residence of Qingyukou Reservoir Project of China Railway 11th Bureau, is located in the mountains of full of green, which is particularly eye-catching. Recently, the 11th Bureau of China Railway has built an intimate, comfortable, civilized and harmonious workers’ home in the project site.

Project Resident (Photo courtesy of China Railway 11th Bureau)

The project has a planned construction period of 67 months, surrounded by mountains and inconvenient transportation. How to build a caring, comfortable, civilized and harmonious home for employees in the project with long construction period and poor environment, and how to "upgrade happiness" for employees’ lives through value creation actions has become the primary problem of the project.

Adding "face value" externally and refining "temperament"

"I never dreamed that I could live in an’ ecological community’ in full of green." Sun Wugang, captain of the survey team of Qingyukou Reservoir Project of China Railway 11th Bureau, said with a big smile that he had gone through more than ten projects, and this was the most beautiful place where he lived.

Walking into the project site, a lush face hit. Movable flower stands adorn every corner of the station, the walls are covered with bionic turf, and the grass is planted below, so the station is full of vitality. "Piece-by-piece" greening pattern echoes the pines and cypresses on the mountains behind it, showing the beauty of nature.

In the "mini-park" between the corridors in the dormitory area, employees can watch the game on the stone table, take a leisurely walk on the "S"-shaped aisle, or take selfies next to the newly blooming flowers … The park with an area of less than 80 square meters has become a good place for employees to relax, take a nap and have a morning exercise.

When I come to Happy Farm, the employees will dig up the soil and water the land after work, and they are very busy. Zhang Ming, secretary of the Party branch of the project, said that Happy Farm is divided into fields and managed by employees themselves, which not only allows everyone to taste fresh and delicious fruits and vegetables after hard farming, but also enhances employees’ sense of acquisition and happiness.

Project workers reclaim vegetable fields (Photo courtesy of China Railway 11th Bureau)

Building "innovation" and serving "mind-wandering"

When you visit the project staff dormitory, you will find that, unlike the traditional dormitory, a partition board is installed in the middle, which divides an original 3×6-meter standard dormitory into two 3×3-meter small single rooms.

"Don’t underestimate this board, not only not afraid to disturb my roommate, but also give me a comfortable and private space." Jiang Lan, an employee of Qingyukou Reservoir Project of China Railway 11th Bureau, praised the minor changes in the dormitory.

At the beginning of entering the site, the project team decided to rotate the standard dormitory by 90 degrees through the topographic investigation and overall layout of the project site, and split the double dormitory into a single dormitory in the form of "dividing the dormitory and sharing air conditioning". The results show that it can not only achieve the goal of single dormitory for employees, but also save the space of eight standard dormitories, further optimizing the allocation of home construction expenses.

Compared with the "innovation" of single-room dormitory, the personalized service of employees is "taking the heart". The "tree hole mailbox" hand-made by employees is particularly conspicuous. Employees can put troubles, whispers or suggestions on the project into the mailbox, which will be collected by the project office in a unified way, so as to reasonably meet their thoughts and expectations.

The "point-to-order" service in public areas can meet the needs of employees for "ordering food", "ordering books" and "penalty". What they want to eat, read and play can be served in a day. Many employees laughed and said, "This service is more timely than I bought express delivery."

In addition, the project insists on high quality, pays attention to details, advocates economy, seriously studies the problem of "urgent need" of employees, creates a "home" environment with sincere feelings, and creates a good atmosphere of civilization, harmony, unity, safety and happiness through warm-hearted activities such as collective birthdays and holiday condolences.

"Ascending" Position "Wisdom" Technology

While meeting the needs of employees’ office life, the needs of spiritual civilization cannot be left behind. Yang Liandi’s Denggao Cultural Hall is the core cultural position of the project.

Covering an area of 156 square meters, the exhibition hall is an educational position and a window for publicity, which blends the corporate climbing culture with the local red culture and fully displays the good image of the enterprise and the local cultural heritage. Relying on the exhibition hall, the project actively organizes cadres and workers in party member to carry out centralized study, party class education, theme party day activities, etc., so as to continuously improve workers’ ideological awareness and enrich their spiritual life.

The digital control center next to the exhibition hall is also one of the important "punch points" in the project station. The sand table of the reservoir dam and the large screen of information management and control are all available, and the most eye-catching one is the application display of BIM technology. The application can realize three-dimensional visual disclosure, automatic monitoring and other functions, and provide digital and informational technical support for efficient decision-making, demonstration, command, evaluation and emergency management of the project. Without going to the site, employees can remotely monitor and know the "health information" of the main structure of the dam in real time, thus realizing convenient and efficient office work.

In addition, the project is also equipped with a staff library, a spacious and comfortable activity room, a clean and tidy bathroom, a safe and intelligent pedestrian-vehicle diversion channel … complete resident facilities, and meticulous and caring services, all of which reveal the intentions and feelings of the project in the process of building a home.

In the next step, the project will continue to update and improve the construction of "home", highlight humanistic care, strengthen cultural guidance, help project production, make "home" more like home and make "home" happier.

Badminton class: at a glance! Concise version of badminton competition rules

count scores

1. 21 points system, 2 wins in 3 games is better.

2. Score system for each ball

3. In each round, the winner will get 1 point.

When both sides score 20 points, the one who leads the other side by 2 points wins the game.

When both sides score 29 points, the one who gets 30 points first wins the game.

6. The winner of a game takes the lead in serving in the next game

Rules of rest and changing sides between matches

1. In a game, when the leading side reaches 11, both sides have a 60-second break.

Between two games, both sides have a 2-minute break.

In the deciding game, when the leading side reaches 11 points, the two sides exchange venues.

Badminton competition rules singles

1. At the beginning of a game (score 0: 0) or when the server scores an even number, the server serves in the right half. When the server scores an odd number, serve at the left half.

2. If the server scores a point, it will continue to serve in the next round.

3. If the receiver scores a point, it will become the server in the next round.

Badminton competition rules doubles

1. Like singles, when the server scores an even number, the server serves in the right half. When the server scores an odd number, serve at the left half.

2. If the server scores a point, it will continue to serve in the next round, and the server will remain the same.

3. If the receiver scores a point, it will become the server in the next round.

4. If and only if the server scores, the two players of the server exchange the left and right halves.

Diagram of badminton doubles competition rules

A badminton doubles match, A&B vs C&D, is described below. At the beginning of the match, A serves first and C receives the service.

A description of the progress of the game score service area Serve & receive Winner diagram

Badminton competition rules: three strikes three.

Three against three, as the name implies, is three against three, so there are special rules and requirements in serving, standing and some playing methods.

The basic principles such as the position of serving and receiving should still follow the doubles rules of badminton. For example, when the score is even, the server stands in the right half and when the score is odd, the server stands in the left half.

1. Before the game, each team shall determine the first, second and third server and receiver, namely Team A (A1, A2 and A3) and Team B (B1, B2 and B3).

2. A1 serves, B1 receives.

3. B1 serves, A1 receives, and so on

4. After A1 serves and scores, A2 serves the next ball, that is, if Party A serves, A1, A2 and A3 serve in turn.

5. After B1 serves and scores, B2 serves the next ball, that is, if Party B serves, B1, B2 and B3 serve in turn.

Official ball

1. Sixteen feathers should be fixed on the ball support.

2. The length of each feather from the ball support surface to the feather tip is 62 ~ 70mm.

3. The top of the feather is round, with a diameter of 58 ~ 68 mm.

4. Feathers should be tied with thread or other suitable materials.

5. The bottom of the ball holder is spherical with a diameter of 25 ~ 28 mm.

6. The ball weighs 4.74 ~ 5.50g.

Badminton racket specifications

1. Badminton racket generally consists of racket head, racket shaft, racket handle and the joint between racket frame and racket shaft.

The length of a racket is no more than 68cm.

3. The length of racket handle and racket shaft shall not exceed 42 cm, the length of racket frame shall not exceed 25 cm, and the width shall be 20 cm.

4. The development direction of the racket: the weight is getting lighter and lighter, the racket frame is getting harder and harder, and the elasticity of the racket shaft is getting better and better.

Standard size of badminton court

1. The badminton court should be a rectangle, drawn with a line with a width of 40mm.

2. The color of the site line is preferably white, yellow or other easily recognizable colors.

3. All lines are part of the area it defines.

4. From the ground of the stadium, the net column is 1.55m high.

5. The net column must be firmly perpendicular to the ground, and keep the net tightly pulled.

6. The net post should be placed on the sideline of doubles.

7. Badminton nets should be made of dark high-quality strings, with evenly distributed squares with sides of 15 ~ 20mm.

8. Badminton net is 760mm wide up and down.

9. The rope or steel wire shall have sufficient length and strength, which can be firmly tightened and leveled with the top of the net column.

10. The net height in the center of the venue is 1.524 meters, and the net height at the sideline of doubles is 1.55 meters.

11. Both ends of the net must be fastened to the net column, and there should be no gap between them.

12. The length is 13.40m, the width of doubles is 6.10m, the width of singles is 5.18m, the diagonal length of doubles court is 14.723m, and the diagonal length of singles court is 14.366m..

Brief introduction of badminton team competition

Badminton team competitions include men’s and women’s teams, but team events are not Olympic events. The three famous badminton team competitions are Thomas Cup, Uber Cup and Sudirman Cup.

Thomas cup badminton.

Thomas Cup Badminton Competition is the highest level men’s badminton team competition in the world, that is, the World Men’s Badminton Team Championship, which was founded by the former International Badminton Federation in 1948. It is held every two years.

Uber cup badminton

The trophy of the World Women’s Badminton Team Championship (Uber Cup). Named after Mrs. Uber’s donation. Also known as the "World Women’s Badminton Team Championship". Uber Cup is the same as Thomas Cup. Before 1982, it was held every three years, and the competition adopted the best of seven games system. Since 1984, it has been held every two years, adopting the best of five games system.

Sudirman Cup

Also known as the World Badminton Mixed Team Championship, it adopts the best-of-five system and consists of five events: men’s singles, women’s singles, men’s doubles, women’s doubles and mixed doubles. It is the most important world competition representing the overall level of badminton, and is equally famous with Thomas Cup and Uber Cup. In 1989, the first Sudirman Cup was held in Indonesia. This competition is held every two years, with Thomas Cup and Uber Cup in even years and Sudirman Cup in odd years.

Badminton team competition rules

According to the rules of Sudirman Cup, there are men’s singles, women’s singles, men’s doubles, women’s doubles and mixed doubles. The order can be decided by both parties, but players can’t have both events, that is, they can’t participate in both events by themselves. Each event is the best of three games, with 21 points in each game. Best of five.

service fault

1. The ball is not served in the corresponding area.

2. The ball hangs on the net or stops at the top of the net.

3. The ball goes over the net and hangs on the net.

4. In doubles, the receiver’s partner receives or is touched by the ball.

Violate the rules during the game.

1. The ball falls outside the boundary of the field.

2. The ball passes under the mesh or net.

3. The ball didn’t cross the net.

4. The ball touches the ceiling or the surrounding walls

5. The ball touches the athlete’s body or clothes

6. The ball touches other objects or people outside the field.

7. When the ball is hit, it stays on the racket, and then it is dragged and thrown.

8. The ball was hit by the same player many times in one round.

9. The player’s racket, body or clothes touch the net or the support of the net.

10. Hit the ball through the net (when hitting the ball, the initial contact point between the racket and the ball is on the batter’s net side, except when the racket crosses the net with the ball).

Badminton service area

The effective area of singles serve is the blue area in the figure below.

The effective service area of doubles is the green area in the figure below.

Badminton half-court sideline

In singles, the effective range of the half-court sideline is the blue area in the picture below.

In doubles, the effective range of the half-court sideline is the green area in the figure below.

definition

1. Athletes: people who take part in badminton competitions.

2. A game: One or two athletes from each side is the most basic unit to decide the outcome.

3. Singles: A game played by one player from each side.

4. Doubles: A game played by two players from each side.

5. server: the party with the right to serve.

6. Receiver: the opponent who serves.

Start of the game 0 – 0 Right half-court serve A serves, C receives. A & B
A&B scores a point, A&B will change sides, A will continue to serve in the left half, and C&D will keep their respective half unchanged. 1 – 0 Left half serve A serves, D receives. C & D
C&D scored one point, and A B C D kept their own half unchanged. 1 – 1 Left half serve D serves, A receives. A & B
A&B scored a point and served at the right half. A, B, C and D kept their respective half unchanged. 2 – 1 Right half-court serve B serves, C receives. C & D
C&D scores a point and serves at the right half. A B C D keeps their own half unchanged. 2 – 2 Right half-court serve C serves, B receives. C & D
C&D scores a point, C&D will change sides, C will continue to serve in the left half, and A&B will keep their respective half unchanged. 2 – 3 Left half serve C serves, A receives. A & B
A&B scored a point and served at the left half. A, B, C and D kept their respective half unchanged. 3 – 3 Left half serve A serves, C receives. A & B
A&B scores a point, A&B will change sides, A will continue to serve in the right half, and C&D will keep their respective half unchanged. 4 – 3 Right half-court serve A serves, D receives. C & D